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AD466: Zimbabweans endorse legitimacy of taxation but have difficulty finding out how government uses tax revenues

Taxation is an essential tool for domestic resource mobilization as well as policy making, shaping the distribution of resources among wealthy and less-wealthy citizens and enabling the government to address national development objectives (AFRODAD, 2011).

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Half of Kenyans prefer paying lower taxes even if it means there will be fewer government services, survey shows

Half of Kenyans would prefer to pay lower taxes, even if it meant there would be fewer government services, Afrobarometer data shows.

Even though most Kenyans endorse the right of tax authorities to collect taxes, they overwhelmingly say they find it difficult to access information about how their taxes are used. They are divided in their views on whether the government uses tax revenues for the well-being of citizens.

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La majorité des Tunisiens ont du mal à savoir comment les recettes fiscales sont utilisées, selon une enquête Afrobarometer

Une majorité de Tunisiens déclarent qu'il est difficile d'obtenir des informations sur les impôts ou les taxes qu'ils sont censés payer et sur la manière dont le gouvernement utilise les recettes fiscales, selon la dernière enquête Afrobarometer.

La perception qu'ont les citoyens du système fiscal du pays révèle un scepticisme considérable, notamment la croyance répandue que les riches – mais pas les gens ordinaires – paient trop peu d'impôts.

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A majority of Liberians want the rich to pay more taxes but find it difficult to know how tax revenues are used, study shows

A majority of Liberians want the government to levy higher taxes on the rich to pay for development programs to benefit the poor, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

However, most citizens say it is difficult to find out what taxes and fees they are supposed to pay and how the government uses tax revenues.

More than half of Liberians think that the rich pay too little in taxes and that taxing the wealthy at higher rates than ordinary people is fair.

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A majority of Liberians want the rich to pay more taxes but find it difficult to know how tax revenues are used, study shows

A majority of Liberians want the government to levy higher taxes on the rich to pay for development programs to benefit the poor, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

However, most citizens say it is difficult to find out what taxes and fees they are supposed to pay and how the government uses tax revenues.

More than half of Liberians think that the rich pay too little in taxes and that taxing the wealthy at higher rates than ordinary people is fair.

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PP73: Tax disobedience in Côte d’Ivoire

Since the end of its civil war in 2011 and the installation of President Alassane Dramane Ouattara, Côte d’Ivoire has seen one of the highest rates of economic growth in Africa, sometimes referred to as a new “Ivoirian miracle” (Dionne & Bamba, 2017). As the economy has grown and the state has rebuilt capacity, tax revenues have increased steadily, growing by 37% between 2013 and 2017. 

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AD456: Malgré qu’il soit difficile de s’informer sur les impôts, les Togolais sont favorables à en payer plus pour plus de services

Afin de limiter les pertes énormes de recettes à cause de la faiblesse de son système fiscal et douanier, le Togo a rendu opérationnelle depuis 2014 la politique dite « régie intégrée » avec l’avènement de l’Office Togolais des Recettes (OTR). Cette politique consiste à fusionner les services des impôts et des douanes en une seule entité dotée d’organes et d’un système de fonctionnement plus efficaces, et a pour objectif de collecter les recettes fiscales et douanières pour le compte de l’Etat et des collectivités locales (Djallo, 2015).

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Ghanaians willing to pay taxes but find it difficult to know how tax revenues are used, Afrobarometer study shows

Ghanaians endorse taxation and are even willing to pay higher taxes to support the country’s development, a new Afrobarometer study shows.

However, a majority of citizens say it is difficult to find out what taxes and fees they are supposed to pay and how the government uses tax revenues.

The analysis finds that citizens are more supportive of taxation if they believe the government is doing a good job of delivering basic services. But many citizens also express mistrust of tax authorities and see widespread corruption among tax officials.

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Les Togolais estiment qu’il est difficile d’obtenir des renseignements sur l’utilisation des recettes fiscales par le gouvernement

L’enquête la plus récente d’Afrobarometer au Togo révèle que les Togolais perçoivent une difficulté à obtenir les renseignements sur l’utilisation des recettes fiscales ainsi que sur le montant des impôts et taxes à payer.

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AD428: Troubling tax trends: Fewer Africans support taxation, more say people avoid paying

Taxation is a key fiscal tool for domestic resource mobilization for countries around the world. In many African countries, however, weak tax-administration systems limit the ways in which governments can finance their development agendas and provide essential services such as health care, education, and infrastructure (Drummond, Daal, Srivastava, & Oliveira, 2012).
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Ethiopians endorse higher taxes in exchange for more government services, Afrobarometer survey shows

A majority of Ethiopians would prefer to pay higher taxes if it would ensure more government services, the most recent Afrobarometer survey shows.

Most citizens consider it fair to tax rich people at a higher rate than ordinary people in order to fund government programs to help the poor. But they also want the government to make sure that small traders and other people working in the informal sector pay taxes on their businesses

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Slim majority of Namibians would support higher taxes in exchange for more government services, Afrobarometer survey shows

More than half of Namibians would support paying higher taxes in exchange for more government services, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.

Responses to a series of survey questions on taxation show that only about one-third of Namibians are unhappy about tax rates, but at the same time, few citizens find it easy to get information about required taxes and fees.

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WP179: Electricity provision and tax mobilization in Africa

In this paper, we provide evidence on how the provision of social infrastructure such as reliable electricity can be leveraged to increase taxation in developing countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). First, using comprehensive data from the latest round of the Afrobarometer survey, we estimate, via the instrumental variable approach, the effect of access and reliability of electricity on tax compliance attitudes of citizens in 36 SSA countries.

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PP43: Tax compliance Africans affirm civic duty but lack trust in tax department

In any economy, balancing expenditures, revenues, and debts is a delicate and often politicized task. Competing interests and priorities buffet those tasked with planning a viable and stable national budget. For any state, taxes raised from individuals and businesses are a central plinth supporting the provision of services, the maintenance of infrastructure, the employment of civil servants, and the smooth functioning of the state. 

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AD55: Zimbabweans support taxation but perceive tax officials as corrupt, demand accountability

Most Zimbabweans believe that a good citizen in a democracy is obliged to pay taxes and that the government always has the right to make people pay taxes, Afrobarometer's most recent survey shows.

At the same time, public perceptions of tax officials as corrupt are high, and a majority of citizens demand accountability for how taxpayers’ money is spent. While more than half of respondents support taxation in order for the country to develop, a substantial proportion challenge the government to find other revenue sources to support development.

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La corruption au sein des services de l’Etat, administration fiscale en Guinée, défis de collecte des taxes, la situation socio-économique du pays et les conditions de vie des citoyens

Résultats de la 5éme séries d'enquêtes en Guinée (2013).

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English

Africa’s willing taxpayers thwarted by opaque tax systems, corruption

A majority of Africans see tax-generated government revenue as an important national development resource, Afrobarometer's unprecedented survey of 29 countries show.

However, six in ten people say it is difficult to know how much tax they pay and a seven in ten do not know how the government spends the taxes, according to the survey, with a sample of 43,500, representing the views of half the African population.

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BP124: Tax administration in Ghana: Perceived institutional challenges

Using Ghana Round 5 Afrobarometer survey data from 2012, this paper seeks to examine Ghanaians’ knowledge of tax obligations to the state, their opinions on the tax system, and attitudes towards the payment of taxes. Furthermore, the paper explores factors that fuel tax evasion or the readiness to dodge tax obligations among citizens.

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BP122: Tanzania: Citizens’ perceptions and attitudes towards taxation, tax enforcement and tax officials

What are the popular opinions and attitudes among Tanzanians towards taxation and tax enforcement? Are public views supportive of, or a hindrance to, the country’s drive to attain higher revenues? The Afrobarometer surveys have been tracking public opinions and attitudes towards taxation in Tanzania since 2001. This brief uses this data to explore contemporary public opinions and attitudes towards taxation, tax enforcement and tax officials.

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BP81: Citizen perceptions of the economic and living conditions in Zambia

High levels of unemployment, coupled with low salaries and poor conditions of service for most of the few people in formal employment, is a serious source of concern for many Zambian citizens. The rise in fuel prices, especially during the period 2006 to towards the end of 2008, among other things, resulted in price increases of essential goods and services. The closure of some companies, including some mining companies, following the world economic recession, resulted in many job losses, further weakening livelihood opportunities for many Zambians.

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WP143: To pay or not to pay? Citizens’ attitudes towards taxation in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa

This paper examines factors that determine citizens’ tax-compliance attitude in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. Using the 2011/12 Afrobarometer survey data, we find that tax-compliance attitude is positively correlated with the provision of public services in the four countries. However, the correlation depends on the specific service in question and differs between countries. Tax knowledge and awareness are found to be positively correlated with tax-compliance attitude.

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