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Despite hydropower surplus, most Ugandans report lack of electricity, Afrobarometer survey shows

Only about half of Ugandans live in zones served by the electric grid, and only a quarter live in households that are connected to the grid, Afrobarometer survey findings show.

More households use solar energy than electricity from the national grid. Lack of access and connection to the national electric grid is especially common for the poorest citizens, rural residents, and those in the Northern and Western regions. Even so, citizens’ ratings of the government’s performance on providing reliable electricity have improved significantly.


Les Togolais estiment qu’il est difficile d’obtenir l’assistance de la police ainsi que les documents d’identité

L’enquête la plus récente d’Afrobarometer au Togo révèlent que les Togolais perçoivent une difficulté à obtenir l’assistance de la police ainsi que les documents d’identité.

Si l’État a pour mission fondamentale régalienne de garantir à la population des services essentiels tel que l’éducation, la santé, et la sécurité, la population doit pouvoir avoir accès à ces services sans aucune discrimination de genre, de classe sociale, ou de situation géographique.


Une partie des Béninois continuent de payer des pots-de-vin pour obtenir des services publics

Une proportion importante de Béninois ont payé un pot-de-vin pour éviter des difficultés avec la police au cours de l’année écoulée, selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobarometer.

Cette expérience de corruption s’est aussi observée pour obtenir des services dans les écoles et les hôpitaux publics et pour acquérir une pièce d’identité comme un extrait de naissance, un permis de conduire, un passeport, une carte d'électeur, ou une autorisation officielle du gouvernement.


AD393: Many Tunisians lack adequate access to health care and water, rate government poorly

Despite gains in building its democracy, Tunisia still struggles with poor economic conditions and high rates of unemployment and inequality (Diwan, 2019). The country, especially in the interior region, is also plagued by unreliable public services such as medical care and water supply – particular problems during the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Tunisia’s public health facilities face severe challenges, including substantial debt, too few beds to meet demand, inadequate equipment, and a shortfall of 14,000 qualified medical staff (News24, 2017).


AD389: Nigerian government doing a poor job on water/sanitation and health care, citizens say

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened problems that were already bedeviling Nigeria’s health system, including run-down or inadequate medical equipment, underpaid and unmotivated medical staff, and unequal access to health care (Andolu Agency, 2020; Pulse Nigeria, 2020). The World Health Organization has labeled Nigeria a human resources for health (HRH) crisis country (Global Health Workforce Alliance, 2020).


Les Burkinabè sont insatisfaits de la performance du gouvernement en matière d’amélioration des conditions de vie des pauvres

La majorité des citoyens Burkinabè estiment que le gouvernement actuel réagit mal à la problématique des pauvres. Les actions du gouvernement pour l’amélioration des conditions de vie des pauvres seraient très mauvaises ou plutôt mauvaises.

L'enquête montre également que très peu de citoyens burkinabè ont une bonne appréciation des politiques gouvernementales en matière de création d’emplois et la majorité apprécie bien les politiques d’amélioration des services de santé de base et de satisfaction des besoins d’éducation.


PP66: Africa’s digital divide and the promise of e-learning

According to UNESCO (2020), approximately 1.2 billion students and youth worldwide are affected by school and university closures because of the COVID-19 pandemic. To adjust to these new circumstances, governments must develop innovative solutions to ensure inclusive learning opportunities during this period of unprecedented educational disruption.


For many Angolans, lack of piped water and sanitation a cause for concern during COVID-19 crisis

Only three out of 10 Angolans have piped water inside their dwelling or compound, and four out of 10 have to leave their compound to use the bathroom, according to the country’s first Afrobarometer survey. Almost half do not have a connection to the public electricity grid.

Based on data collected in November-December 2019, these findings highlight the challenges many Angolan families face in complying with hygiene and stay-at-home measures designed to fight the spread of COVID-19.


Para muitos angolanos, a falta de água canalizada e de casa de banho é motivo de grande preocupação diante da crise da COVID-19

Apenas três em cada 10 angolanos têm água canalizada no interior das suas residências ou no quintal, enquanto quatro em cada 10 angolanos precisam sair das suas residências para terem acesso a uma casa de banho ou latrina, de acordo com os dados do primeiro inquérito do Afrobarometer em Angola. Cerca de metade dos angolanos não têm acesso à ligação eléctrica da rede pública.

Esta constatação põe a descoberto os desafios que as famílias angolanas estão a enfrentar, no cumprimento das medidas sanitárias de higienização pessoal, no âmbito do combate à COVID-19.


Do Africans see progress in government delivery of basic services?

An analysis of survey responses shows that three main factors drive whether Africans see their governments as getting better or worse at delivering services: how easy or difficult the service was to obtain, whether officials will respond to complaints, and whether citizens had to pay a bribe.

More to come in Afrobarometer’s Pan-Africa Profiles report on public service delivery to be released 2 April.


AD141: Social services rank tops in Ugandans’ priorities, but not in national budget

Ugandans view social services as the most important problems facing the country and the areas in greatest need of additional government investment, according to citizens’ responses in national Afrobarometer surveys. Yet government budget allocations have not reflected the high priority that citizens assign to these problems.  Over the past eight years, budget allocations for health care, education, and water and electricity supply have barely increased, despite observed annual growth in the national expenditure (National Budget Information Library, 2008-2016).


PP42: Public service delivery in South Africa: Councillors and citizens critical links in overcoming persistent inequities

The August 2016 local government elections in South Africa sent an earthquake through the political class when the African National Congress (ANC) lost power in three major cities of the country. Coalition governments led by the Democratic Alliance (DA) and the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) took over the economic powerhouse, Johannesburg; the administrative capital and seat of the Presidency, Pretoria; and the biggest city in the Eastern Cape and the country’s vehicle-manufacturing hub, Nelson Mandela Bay.


Reportage Afrobaromètre et Ireep sur l'accès à l'eau, mai-juin 2016

Video in French.

Benin, one of the lowest ranked countries in drinking water issue, benefits from authorities efforts to enhance the access to the precious liquid. But there is still a lot to do, in this country where, according to Afrobarometer, 24% of the population say they suffer from lack or deficiency of drinking water.  

For more information read Dispatch No.76 


PP33: Evaluating Botswana’s performance on National Vision 2016

On 30 September 2016, Botswana will mark its 50th year of independence from the United Kingdom, a significant occasion for both celebration and reflection. An important part of this reflection has focused on Botswana’s transition from National Vision 2016, the blueprint that has guided the country’s development for the past two decades, to National Vision 2036, in tandem with the global move from the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals (Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, 2016a).


Survey Findings on Citizen Priorities, Poverty, and Access to Infrastructure

Afrobarometer will present survey findings on Citizen Priorities, Poverty, and Access to Infrastructure.

When: February 4, 2016

Where: Ronald Reagan Building 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue (USAID Offices)


  • Dr. Carolyn Logan, Michigan State University
  • Dr. Michael Bratton, Michigan State University
  • Dr. Robert Mattes, University of Cape Town

Improving infrastructure for growth and livelihoods in Africa

Afrobarometer Network and the University of Nairobi’s Institute for Development Studies (IDS), will launch the second Africa release of Afrobarometer data on improving infrastructure for growth and livelihoods in Africa. The data will provide insights on availability of electricity grid, piped water, paved/tarred roads, sewerage system and cell phone services. The release event will take place at 10.00 am, on Thursday, January 14, 2016 at the Nairobi Safari Club, Lilian Towers, University Way.


BP24: Accès aux services publics et conditions économiques : Des inégalités entre les riches et les pauvres…mais pas de discriminations ethniques à Madagascar

L’accès à des services de base (eau, électricité, éducation, santé, etc.) conditionne le bien-être de la population. Mais il convient de souligner tout particulièrement le cercle vertueux que l’accès aux services de base est susceptible d’enclencher, ou à l’inverse, la « trappe à pauvreté » dans lequel ceux qui en sont privés pourraient se trouver enfermés. En effet, d’une part, bénéficier de ces services est une fin en soi.


AD50: The public agenda: Health care, education, and water top the list of Tanzanians’ priorities

On 25 October 2015, Tanzanians will go to the polls to choose the government that will lead the country for the next five years. Once elected, the new administration will have its party’s election manifesto as the blueprint for delivering results, in addition to existing government policy documents, most prominently Vision 2025 (dating back to 1995), the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (known by its Swahili acronym MKUKUTA), rolling five-year development plans, and the recent Big Results Now (BRN)1 initiative.


WP161: Do citizens reward good service? Voter responses to basic service provision in southern Africa

Electoral accountability – the notion that citizens use the vote to influence government action – is a central tenet of democratic theory (Downs, 1957; Fearon, 1999). It continues to inform active scholarly and policy debates about the quality of government, including how to devise policies to improve the well-being of poor people in poor countries (Przeworski, Alvarez, Cheibub, & Limongi, 2000; Gerring, Thacker, & Alfaro, 2011). But does democracy work as theorized?


Les Ivoiriens apprécient les efforts du gouvernement et priorisent l’éducation et la santé pour des investissements additionnels

D’après la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre en Côte d’Ivoire, les Ivoiriens estiment que l’éducation et la santé devraient être considérées respectivement comme la première et la seconde des priorités d’investissement du gouvernement. Leur appréciation est identique que ce soit selon le sexe ou selon le lieu de résidence.