Identity

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Identity

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English

AD479: Plus d’unité que de division ? Au Cameroun, les avis sont partagés

Le Cameroun est un pays riche en cultures et en traditions. Du fait de son histoire de colonisation, le Français et l’Anglais sont les deux langues officielles, faisant ainsi une des particularités de ce pays en Afrique. La diversité culturelle est la raison pour laquelle le pays est dénommé « l’Afrique en miniature » (Serra, 2009).

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Mauritians value national identity and social tolerance, but report unfair treatment by government based on ethnicity

Mauritians express a strong sense of national identity and believe there is strength in diversity, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.

Most citizens do not experience unfair treatment by other Mauritians based on ethnicity, religion, or economic status, but a sizeable minority do.

And almost half of Mauritians say the government treats their ethnic group unfairly, at least “sometimes,” a perception that’s especially common among urban residents and young citizens.

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AD461: Ghanaians are united and hospitable but intolerant toward same-sex relationships

Tolerance is a pre-condition for stability in a society with a variety of cultural and religious traditions. In Ghana, a secular and heterogeneous society (Armah-Attoh & Debrah, 2015), peaceful coexistence of different ethnicities and religions is strengthened by policies that foster internal mobility, such as a national service program that allows youths to spend time outside their home regions, as well as by urbanization connecting different ethnic groups in marriage and daily life (Throup, 2011).

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Les Camerounais pensent que les communautés sont plus fortes dans la diversité que dans l'homogénéité, selon une enquête d’Afrobarometer

La plus récente enquête d’Afrobarometer au Cameroun révèlent que la majorité des Camerounais estiment que les communautés sont plus fortes dans la diversité que dans l’homogénéité. Cependant, une bonne partie perçoivent qu’il y’a plus de facteurs de division que d’unité dans le pays.

Avec plus de 250 ethnies, le Cameroun est un pays riche en culture et en tradition. La plus importante proportion des Camerounais se réclament aussi bien de leur ethnie que de leur identité nationale, un sentiment qui s’est accentué entre 2018 et 2021.

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AD449: Identity in Kenya: Tolerance and trust deficits point to opportunities for progress

Identity is an important attribute of individuals and groups that influences how people see themselves and relate to others. Individuals and groups leverage many different identities as the situation demands: ethnic, linguistic, economic, national, religious, and sexual, among others.

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Kenyans embrace national and ethnic identities, but interpersonal trust is low, Afrobarometer survey shows

Most Kenyans value both their national and ethnic identities and feel comfortable speaking their mother tongue and wearing traditional dress in public, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

Most Kenyans also believe there’s strength in diversity and express tolerant attitudes toward other ethnicities, as well as other religions, political views, and nationalities.

But even though a majority say there is more that unites Kenyans than divides them, very few think they can trust other people.

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Kenyans embrace national and ethnic identities, but interpersonal trust is low, Afrobarometer survey shows

Most Kenyans value both their national and ethnic identities and feel comfortable speaking their mother tongue and wearing traditional dress in public, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

Most Kenyans also believe there’s strength in diversity and express tolerant attitudes toward other ethnicities, as well as other religions, political views, and nationalities.

But even though a majority say there is more that unites Kenyans than divides them, very few think they can trust other people.

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AD383: Les Gabonais revendiquent leur attachement à l’identité nationale mais sont méfiants vis-à-vis des autres

Depuis le retour au multipartisme en 1990, consécutif à la tenue de la Conférence Nationale Souveraine, le Gabon n’échappe pas au débat sur la question identitaire. En effet, avec plus de 50 ethnies, la question des identités est régulièrement soulevée dans le débat national et se pose comme un obstacle à la construction d’une nation post-ethnique (Etoughé, 2003). Le processus de l’élection présidentielle anticipée de 2009 avait d’ailleurs montré une sorte de fracture ethno-politique suscitant le débat sur le repli identitaire.

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Les Malgaches trouvent que la réconciliation nationale est une priorité pour le pays, et que celle-ci doit être menée par les autorités religieuses

La dernière enquête Afrobaromètre à Madagascar indique que  9 Malgaches sur 10 (90% de la  population) sont d’accord sur le fait que la  réconciliation nationale devrait  constituer une priorité pour le pays. Par ailleurs, une majorité pense que cette  réconciliation devrait être conduite par les  autorités  religieuses.

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AD35: South African youth patriotic, optimistic about national cohesion, but low on civic engagement

South Africa celebrates Youth Day every June 16 to commemorate the students who lost their lives during the Soweto Uprising in 1976. An estimated 3,000-10,000 students marched to protest the apartheid government’s directive to make Afrikaans a compulsory medium of instruction in public education, alongside English. The violent police response to this peaceful protest led to a widespread revolt against the government and exposed the brutality of the apartheid state to the international community.

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AD34: Les Togolais acceptent les différences sociales à l’exception de celles d’orientation sexuelle

Les Togolais sont célèbres pour leur hospitalité. Ce constat est-il encore vrai de nos jours? Qu’en est-il de la tolérance envers les personnes de religion différente, d’un autre groupe ethnique, d’une autre nationalité, d’orientation sexuelle différente, et de ceux qui vivent avec le VIH/SIDA?

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Mauritians are tolerant of ethnic and religious diversity but less of people living with HIV/AIDS and homosexuals

Afrobarometer’s latest survey shows that Mauritians seem to accept the multi-ethnic and multicultural character of their society and have strong feeling of belonging to the Mauritian nation.

Moreover, the majority of Mauritians do not have any resentment with regards to living in an ethnically and religiously heterogeneous neighbourhood. Most Mauritians did not exhibit xenophobic attitudes and stated that they would live next to immigrants or foreign workers easily
and without fear.

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AD28: Mauritians welcome ethnic/religious diversity but are less tolerant of homosexuals and people living with HIV/AIDS

Despite their multiplicity of ethnic/cultural (European, African, Indian, Chinese) and religious (Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist) backgrounds, Mauritians have experienced few incidents of ethnic or religious violence. The last major incident dates back to 1999, when the popular Creole musician Kaya was found dead whilst in police custody, triggering riots against the mostly Hindu police and fights between Creoles and Hindus. Since then, the country has lived in relative harmony through three successive national elections.

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Tribal feelings are increasing in intensity

About half of Zambians (50%) have strong feelings of belonging to their ethnic group (tribe) while at the same time feeling a part of Zambia, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

A small but growing number of Zambians place their tribal identity above national identity, according to the survey, which was conducted in October 2014.

The data is being released against a backdrop of public debates about the extent of tribalism in Zambia. It demonstrates that Zambians are, indeed, tribal and tribal feelings are growing in intensity.

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Basotho cling to their independence in spite of serious political and economic challenges

Most Basotho, protective of their independence, are against intervention or assistance from neighbouring southern African countries to guarantee free elections and prevent human rights abuses in their country, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.

Basotho are almost equally divided on whether the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the African Union (AU) are helpful to Lesotho or not, survey results show.

In addition, a majority of Basotho say their country should continue to be independent of South Africa, despite the two countries’ close ties.

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South Africans bemoan the presence of foreigners in their spaces

The most recent attacks on foreigners in Soweto and Kagiso that resulted in the deaths of 6 people and the looting of over 70 foreign owned shops, raises critical questions about the security of foreigners in a country that prides itself in the philosophy of Ubuntu. In the latest round of the South African leg of the Afrobarometer Survey, a substantial majority (88%) of respondents reported distrust of foreigners living in their country.

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BP112: Citizen perceptions of migration in South Africa

The Afrobarometer has been tracking public attitudes towards foreigners resident in South Africa since 2008 because of a vigorous public debate on immigration controls, attacks on foreigners from other African states and accusations of xenophobia. This bulletin reports response to the questions asked in Afrobarometer Round 5 which explores these attitudes as well as drawing public perception on this issue from the 2008 survey for comparison purposes.

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BP82: Tolerance in South Africa: Exploring popular attitudes toward foreigners

Violence against foreigners has become common since the transition to multi-party rule in 1994. During this period, South Africa’s borders have become more porous, and individuals from several African countries – especially Zimbabwe – have migrated to the country in search of security and opportunities for social mobility. Prior to the transition to democracy, members of the ruling National Party (NP) tightly controlled South Africa’s borders .

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