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Ugandans willing to be vaccinated despite doubts about vaccine safety, Afrobarometer study shows

Almost three-fourths of Ugandans say they are likely to try to get vaccinated against COVID- 19 if a vaccine becomes available and the government says it is safe, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

However, only about half trust the government to ensure that any COVID-19 vaccine is safe before it is used in this country. A quarter of Ugandans believe prayer is more effective than a vaccine would be in preventing COVID-19 infection.

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Namibians worried about COVID-19 impacts but believe prayer is more effective than vaccines, Afrobarometer survey finds

Nearly all adult Namibians are worried about the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on their households, the country, and the future of their children, according to a telephone survey by Afrobarometer.

But a majority of citizens have concerns about the safety of COVID-19 vaccines and believe that prayer is more effective than vaccines in preventing COVID-19

infection. Only about half say they are likely to try to get vaccinated.

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Gambians laud government’s response to COVID-19 pandemic but don’t trust it on vaccines, Afrobarometer survey shows

A majority of Gambians approve of the government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, but few trust the government to ensure that vaccines are safe, a new Afrobarometer study shows.

While vaccination roll-out in the Gambia began in February, only two in 10 citizens say they are likely to try to be vaccinated, while most believe that prayer is more effective than a vaccine in preventing COVID-19 infection.

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As COVID-19 vaccines arrive in Southern African countries, public health facilities confront challenges of mass campaigns

As Southern African countries receive their first shipments of COVID-19 vaccines, their public health systems will be called upon to confront challenges that have limited services in the past.

Large majorities of citizens in Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, and Mozambique rely on public health-care facilities, according to Afrobarometer data collected between 2018 and 2020, and are likely to rely on these facilities for access to COVID-19 vaccinations.

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AD432: Who wants COVID-19 vaccination? In 5 West African countries, hesitancy is high, trust low

Although Africa has so far been spared the massive COVID-19 death tolls experienced in some other regions, health officials are urgently advising African leaders to launch mass vaccination campaigns (France24, 2021). The World Health Organization (WHO, 2021a) reports that countries are indeed “revving up” to roll out vaccines in the face of recent surges in coronavirus infections, including faster-spreading new variants.

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AD431: Zambians approve of government’s COVID-19 response despite questions about aid, vaccines

Zambia recorded its first COVID-19 case on 18 March 2020. A week later, President Edgar Lungu closed all schools and universities, restaurants (except on a take-away basis), nightclubs, cinemas, and gyms; limited public gatherings to less than 50 people; suspended international flights except to and from Lusaka; ordered quarantining of travelers entering the country; and ordered mandatory mask-wearing in public (SATUCC, 2020; United Nations, 2020; United Nations Development Programme, 2020).

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Liberians laud government’s COVID-19 response but claim unfair distribution of relief assistance, new Afrobarometer study shows

A majority of Liberians approve of the government’s performance in managing the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including necessary lockdowns, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

But most believe that COVID-19 relief was not distributed fairly. Better-off citizens and urban residents were about twice as likely as the poor and rural residents to benefit from this assistance, and older citizens appear to have been largely overlooked.

A quarter of citizens say their households lost income because of the pandemic. While most citizens support the lockdown as necessary, most also found it difficult to comply with the restrictions.

The study also shows a less-than-encouraging attitude toward vaccines: Few Liberians trust their government to ensure that COVID-19 vaccines are safe, and only one-third say they are likely to try to get vaccinated. Most say prayer is more effective than a vaccine in preventing the spread of COVID-19.

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AD420: Liberians laud government’s COVID-19 response but claim unfair distribution of relief assistance

Liberia has won international praise for its response to the coronavirus (Front Page Africa, 2021). Perhaps drawing on its experience with the Ebola pandemic, the government moved early with measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, including screening at airports and a Special Presidential Advisory Committee on Coronavirus (SPACOC) set up months ahead of the first recorded case in the country.

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Ugandans see COVID-19 impacts on the election – and election impacts on the pandemic

Ugandans expect the COVID-19 pandemic to have significant negative impacts on Thursday’s general election, a new Afrobarometer survey shows. They also fear that the election will worsen the pandemic.

Even so, in interviews in late December and early January, a majority favoured going ahead with the election as planned – but with relaxed police enforcement of COVID-19 regulations.

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Mesmo antes de COVID-19, muitos cabo-verdianos tinham dificuldades em ter acesso aos cuidados médicos, segundo uma nova pesquisa do Afrobarometer

Mesmo antes da crise do coronavírus, mais da metade dos cabo-verdianos que já tinham tido contato com instalações médicas públicas enfrentaram dificuldades em obter os cuidados médicos de que precisavam, conforme demonstra uma nova pesquisa do Afrobarometer.

Os cidadãos pobres e urbanos foram particularmente propensos em relatar dificuldades no acesso aos serviços de saúde. Além disso, um em cada três entrevistados assegura ter ficado sem a assistência médica necessária, pelo menos por uma vez durante o ano anterior.

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Even before COVID-19, many Cabo Verdeans had difficulty accessing medical care, new Afrobarometer survey shows

Even before the coronavirus crisis, more than half of Cabo Verdeans who had contact with public medical facilities said they found it difficult to obtain the care they needed, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Poor and urban citizens were particularly likely to report difficulties in accessing health-care services. Moreover, one in three respondents said they went without needed medical care at least once during the previous year.

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PP67: COVID-19 in Africa - Vulnerabilities and assets for an effective response

Not only did the COVID-19 disease arrive on Africa’s shores (and at its airports) later than in Asia, Europe, and North America (Loembé et al., 2020), but for months the numbers of infections and deaths also appeared to remain relatively low. As of early August, the continent had experienced more than 1 million confirmed cases and 23,000 deaths (Africa CDC, 2020), though these figures were increasing rapidly.

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AD352: Even before COVID-19, more than half of Africans experienced lack of needed health care

More than half of all Africans go without needed medical care at least once in a given year, a new analysis of Afrobarometer survey data shows. Across the continent, citizens identify health as the second-most-important national problem they want their governments to address.

Even before the threat of overwhelming demand due to COVID-19, about one in five Africans faced a frequent lack of needed health-care services, including almost two-thirds of the poorest citizens.

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PP37: Are Africans willing to pay higher taxes or user fees for better health care?

In many parts of Africa, access to and quality of medical services remain poor (Deaton & Tortora, 2015; KPMG, 2012; Lowell, Conway, Keesmaat, McKenna, & Richardson, 2010; Streefland, 2005). While economic growth in recent decades has fostered improved health care on the continent, weak funding, brain drain of trained professionals, and ongoing battles with diseases such as TB, HIV, diarrheal diseases, and malaria as well as recurring epidemics such as Ebola continue to put immense pressure on medical systems in many countries (Ighobor, 2015; McKay, 2015; Chothia, 2014).

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AD116: Liberians on Ebola: Foreign aid most effective, but government performed well, is now better prepared

Liberia is one of five West African countries hit by the world’s worst outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease. Between March 2014 and May 2015, the epidemic in Liberia produced 10,675 suspected, probable, and confirmed infections and killed 4,809 people, including about 200 health-care workers (Doctors Without Borders, 2016).

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AD95: Les priorités des Gabonais: L’éducation, la santé, les infrastructures routières

Le développement des pays passe par une combinaison à la fois des plans nationaux et ceux des partenaires au développement. Si à ce jour les résultats des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD) restent discutables, les Nations Unies ont déjà adopté les nouveaux Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD), qui visent, entre autres, à éliminer la pauvreté, parvenir à la sécurité alimentaire, et garantir à tous une vie prospère et un accès équitable en eau, à une éducation de qualité, et à une énergie moins chère et fiable.

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Les Gabonais pensent que le Gouvernement devrait davantage investir dans l’éducation et la santé

Selon la récente enquête Afrobaromètre menée en septembre 2015 au Gabon, plus de la moitié des Gabonaise pensent que les problèmes auxquels le pays fait face sont essentiellement la santé, l’éducation, le chômage et les infrastructures routières.

Aussi, deux tiers des Gabonais déclarent que si le Gouvernement devait faire des d’investissements additionnels, la priorité doit être accordée à l’éducation et à la santé.

Par ailleurs, plus de trois quarts des Gabonais déclarent que la performance du Gouvernement en matière de création d’emplois est mauvaise. 

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World Health Day: Despite gains, barriers keep health care high on Africans’ priority list (Afrobarometer survey)

Almost half of Africans go without needed health care, and one in seven have to pay bribes to obtain needed care, according to new findings from Afrobarometer.

Released on World Health Day (April 7), the survey findings show that citizens across 36 African countries rank health care as their second-most-important national problem and priority for additional government investment. Public ratings of government performance in improving basic health services have worsened over the past decade: Almost half of Africans say their government is doing “fairly” or “very” badly.

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PP31: Despite gains, barriers keep health care high on Africa’s priority list

Access to health care gained the spotlight on national and international development agendas when the 1978 Alma Ata Declaration outlined a strategy for achieving universal access to primary health care by the year 2000 (World Health Organization, 1978). The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set targets for improving health-care delivery by 2015, and the United Nations’ new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which took effect in January 2016, extend and supplement those with ambitious targets aimed at ensuring healthy lives for all.

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Republic of Guinea press releases (25 November 2015)

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH

La majorité des Guinéens pensent qu’il y a une mauvaise gouvernance dans  le secteur de la santé, notamment à cause de la corruption des agents de santé

Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre en Guinée, plus d’un guinéen sur deux (55%) pensent que le Gouvernement actuel répond très mal/plutôt mal aux préoccupations des citoyens dans le cadre de l’amélioration des services de santé de base.

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PP28: Are policy reforms enough to improve satisfaction with health care? Evidence from Benin

In 2009, the government of Benin embarked on a series of policy initiatives to increase public access to health services, especially for pregnant women, children under age 5, and the poor.

While health coverage rates remained steady, attendance at health services increased sharply, and at first, public satisfaction with the government’s performance in improving basic health services increased as well. However, by 2014, public approval of the government’s efforts had dropped sharply. What explains this decrease in public satisfaction, despite the policy reforms?

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Les Ivoiriens apprécient les efforts du gouvernement et priorisent l’éducation et la santé pour des investissements additionnels

D’après la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre en Côte d’Ivoire, les Ivoiriens estiment que l’éducation et la santé devraient être considérées respectivement comme la première et la seconde des priorités d’investissement du gouvernement. Leur appréciation est identique que ce soit selon le sexe ou selon le lieu de résidence.

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PP21: The quality of public services: An intrinsic factor in Ghanaian evaluations of government performance

The provision of public goods and services is an important aspect of socioeconomic development. Access to basic services such as clean water and sanitation, health care, schooling, and transportation enhances citizens’ well-being. Access to roads and telecommunications systems lowers transaction costs, leading to improvements in trade and economic activities (Xu, 2013).

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BP115: Zimbabweans' views on empowerment: Jobs vs. business takeovers

A wide policy disjuncture exists both inside and outside Zimbabwe’s coalition government regarding the best way to empower the country’s citizens. Empowerment is a popular war cry among most former colonies, especially those that were under a settler regime as was the case in many Southern African countries, including Zimbabwe. The crux of the problem is how best to more evenly redistribute national wealth and resources between the former colonising minority and the indigenous majority population. In Southern Africa, the former were invariably white and the latter predominantly black.

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BP99: Trends in public opinion on health care in Zimbabwe: 1999-2010

Zimbabwe has experienced many economic and political problems in recent years. The unemployment rate is estimated to be close to 90% and the country officially abandoned its currency in 2009.   Under such conditions all services including health care have deteriorated. Average life expectancy dropped from 65 in 1990 to 43 in 2005 while under five mortality has increased from 76 per 1000 in 1990 to 82 per 1000 in 2005. Immunisation, antenatal care and chronic disease treatment declined while HIV/AIDS and cholera plague the country.

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