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Zimbabweans see unemployment as the most important problem that the government should address

Unemployment remains the most important problem that Zimbabweans want their government to address, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.

Infrastructure/roads, education, management of the economy, and water supply follow as top priorities on citizens’ agenda.

While rankings vary somewhat by respondents’ location, gender, generation, and education levels, the major concerns are fairly consistent across demographic groups. 

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In Gambia, support is growing for prosecuting perpetrators of crimes during Jammeh administration, extraditing Jammeh

A growing number of Gambians want perpetrators of crimes and human-rights abuses during former President Yahya Jammeh’s administration to be tried in court, the latest Afrobarometer study shows.

Over the past three years, the proportion of citizens in favour of seeking Jammeh’s extradition has also increased significantly. However, opinions are divided on the government’s decision to sell Jammeh’s properties and on whether he should be allowed to return to the country.

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South Africans’ trust in state institutions and political parties reaches new low

Fewer than two in five South Africans trust the president “somewhat” or “a lot,” and more than two-thirds have “just a little” or “no trust at all” in Parliament, the police, and their local council, according to a new Afrobarometer survey.

Public trust in elected representatives is particularly low, and only a quarter of South Africans express trust in either the ruling or opposition parties. Several rounds of the Afrobarometer survey reveal a clear downward trend in South Africans’ trust in public institutions over the past decade.

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AD474: South Africans’ trust in institutions and representatives reaches new low

In July 2021, as South Africa grappled with a third wave of COVID-19 infections, widespread looting and rioting erupted in Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal, the two most populous provinces (Daily Maverick, 2021). The riots damaged businesses, public buildings, and key infrastructure and left at least 342 people dead, and order was restored only after the state deployed 25,000 army troops (Business Day, 2021; Davis, Nicolson, & Simelane, 2021).

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Majority of Gambians say their country is heading in the wrong direction, Afrobarometer survey shows

A growing number of Gambians think their country is heading in the wrong direction and want their government to prioritize the economy and public service delivery, the latest Afrobarometer study shows.

Over the past three years, the share of Gambians who describe the country’s economy and their personal living conditions as good has decreased significantly, while more citizens are going without basic necessities such as enough food, enough water, and medical care.

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Emaswati approve of government’s COVID-19 response but are skeptical about vaccines

With the looming threat of a third wave of COVID-19 infections in Eswatini, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows that most citizens are satisfied with the government’s overall management of the pandemic even though many found it difficult to comply with lockdown restrictions and most felt that the schools were closed for too long.

However, a majority of Emaswati believe that government assistance was distributed unfairly and that resources intended for the pandemic response were lost to government corruption.

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AD470: Emaswati approve of government’s COVID-19 response, but remain skeptical about vaccines

Since its first case in March 2020, Eswatini has recorded 26,628 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with 806 deaths as of 4 August 2021 (World Health Organization, 2021). To contain the outbreak, the government quickly declared a national emergency and instituted night-time curfews, school closures, restrictions on non-essential travel, limited sales of alcohol, social distancing, and mandatory wearing of face masks (Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini, 2020).

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Moroccans laud government’s response to COVID-19 pandemic but are dissatisfied with distribution of assistance, survey shows

A majority of Moroccans applaud the government’s performance in managing the response to COVID-19 pandemic, including keeping the public informed, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

While half of citizens say they received government assistance during the pandemic, a similar proportion believe the assistance was not distributed fairly.

Moreover, a majority of citizens believe that at least some relief resources were lost to corruption. 

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South Africans see postponing elections, using security forces to enforce lockdown as justified during COVID-19 pandemic

With broad agreement across party lines, two-thirds of South Africans say that postponing elections or limiting campaigning is justified during a health emergency like the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new Afrobarometer survey.

Majorities also endorse media censorship and the use of police and security forces to enforce public health mandates as justified steps during a pandemic.

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AD467: South Africans support government’s COVID-19 response but are critical of corruption and skeptical of vaccines

The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in South Africa was identified on 5 March 2020. Since then, the country has recorded more than 2.3 million cases and at least 70,018 deaths related to the disease (National Institute for Communicable Diseases, 2021), although the real death toll could be more than twice as high (News24, 2021).

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Gambians support public access to government information, Afrobarometer survey shows

By a 2-to-1 margin, Gambians support citizens’ right to access government information, in agreement with a bill that recently gained approval by the National Assembly.

The latest Afrobarometer survey in the Gambia shows widespread popular support for key elements of an access to information bill that will allow journalists, civil society organizations, and ordinary citizens to obtain many types of information held by the government. The bill still awaits assent by President Adama Barrow.

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AD464: Gone but not forgotten: Most Ugandans want presidential term and age limits reinstated

In 2005, the Parliament of Uganda amended the Constitution to remove presidential term limits, allowing incumbents to run for re-election indefinitely (Observer, 2012). In 2017, lawmakers overwhelmingly voted to repeal the presidential age limit requiring that presidential candidates be less than 75 years of age (BBC, 2017). This allowed President Yoweri Museveni, age 76, to claim his sixth consecutive term in the recently concluded elections.

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Tanzanians confident in country’s direction and government’s performance, Afrobarometer survey shows

Despite a pandemic that has slowed economic growth, most Tanzanians say the government is managing the economy well and the country is moving in the right direction, a recent Afrobarometer survey indicates.

Citizens’ assessments of the government’s performance on a wide range of issues have improved compared to 2017. And although only one-third describe their personal living conditions as good, a majority are optimistic that economic conditions will improve over the coming year.

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Imprisoned former South African President Zuma’s tenure was marked by low trust and high perceived corruption

For former South African President Jacob Zuma, who this week entered prison under a 15- month sentence for boycotting an inquiry into high-level corruption, declining public trust and increasing perceptions of corruption marked his tenure well before it ended with his resignation in 2018.

In Afrobarometer’s last South Africa survey during Zuma’s 2009-2018 presidency, in 2015, popular trust in Zuma had fallen and perceived corruption in his office had risen dramatically.

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La plupart des Tunisiens sont pessimistes quant à l'économie et désapprouvent les performances du gouvernement, selon le dernier sondage Afrobarometer

La plupart des Tunisiens décrivent la situation économique de leur pays comme mauvaise et déclarent que le gouvernement fait un mauvais travail concernant les questions économiques, selon le dernier sondage Afrobarometer.

Moins de la moitié d'entre eux considèrent que leurs conditions de vie personnelles sont mauvaises, mais dans le même temps, moins de la moitié s'attendent à ce que les choses s'améliorent au cours de l'année à venir.

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Les Camerounais approuvent la gestion de la pandémie de COVID-19 par le gouvernement mais ne font pas confiance aux vaccins

La majorité des Camerounais approuvent la gestion de la pandémie de COVID-19 par le gouvernement, selon une nouvelle enquête d’Afrobarometer.

Cependant, le gouvernement s’est montré moins performant dans l’assistance sociale pour aider les populations à faire face à la pandémie : La plupart des citoyens jugent inéquitable la distribution de l’assistance apportée par l’Etat.

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AD458: Zimbabweans endorse government’s COVID-19 response but voice concerns about corruption and lack of assistance

Zimbabwe has not been spared the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic. As of 16 June 2021, the country had recorded 40,077 confirmed cases and 1,635 deaths of COVID-19 (World Health Organization, 2021). Lockdowns have threatened many households with destitution and hunger (News24, 2021).

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Zimbabweans endorse government’s COVID-19 response but voice concerns about corruption and lack of assistance

A new Afrobarometer survey shows that even though almost half of Zimbabwean households lost a primary source of income during the COVID-19 pandemic, most citizens approve of the government’s overall management of the pandemic. Most Zimbabweans endorse lockdowns and school closures as painful but necessary.

But very few report receiving pandemic-related assistance from the government, and a majority believe that COVID-19 resources were lost to government corruption.

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Les Sénégalais prônent le protectionnisme de l’économie nationale et préfèrent les modèles de développement chinois et américain

Selon les tous derniers résultats de l’enquête Afrobarometer au Sénégal, la majorité des Sénégalais soutiennent que, pour se développer, le pays devrait compter sur sa propre production et protéger les producteurs de la compétition étrangère.

En ce qui concerne le modèle de développement préféré pour le futur du Sénégal, les modèles chinois et américain sont perçus comme les meilleurs.

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Mauritians welcome India’s and China’s economic and political influence, new Afrobarometer survey shows

Most Mauritians say India’s and China’s economic and political activities have a positive influence on their country, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

Only half of citizens see the influence of the United States in a favourable light, one of the lowest ratings among major powers and international organizations. But the United States stands first among Mauritians’ preferred development models, followed by Great Britain and China. 

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Ugandans approved of COVID-19 lockdown despite difficulty complying, but say relief aid was distributed unfairly, survey shows

Almost nine in 10 Ugandans say that last year’s lockdown was necessary to limit the spread of COVID-19, in spite of the toll it took on the economy and people’s livelihoods, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

Two-thirds say they found it difficult to comply with lockdown restrictions or curfews imposed by the government.

Only about two in 10 citizens say their households received special government assistance during the pandemic, and most Ugandans believe that government assistance was not distributed fairly.

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Liberians hold gloomy views on the economy and the country’s direction, Afrobarometer survey shows

Liberians generally hold gloomy views of the direction of the country, the country’s economic condition, and their personal living conditions, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

An overwhelming majority – almost twice as many as in 2012 – say the country is going in “the wrong direction,” and only one-fourth of citizens assess the country’s economic condition as “fairly” or “very” good.

Fewer than half describe their personal living conditions as at least “fairly good.”

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AD455: Les Tunisiens ont confiance en leurs tribunaux mais pensent que les gens ne sont pas égaux devant la loi

La Tunisie se place huitième en Afrique et 56ième au niveau mondial selon l’Indice sur l’Etat de Droit du World Justice Project (2020) (Le360afrique.com, 2020). Basé sur des données primaires, cet indice mesure le rendement de chaque pays sur l’Etat de droit à travers huit facteurs : contraintes aux pouvoirs du gouvernement, absence de corruption, gouvernement ouvert, droits fondamentaux, ordre et sécurité, application des règlements, justice civile et justice pénale (Agence Ecofin, 2018). 
 
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Amidst gloomy views on the economy and the country’s direction, Zambians voice dissatisfaction with the way democracy is working

A majority of Zambians are pessimistic about the country’s direction and dissatisfied with the way their democracy is working, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Most citizens say the country’s economic condition and their personal living conditions are bad, and the country is headed in the wrong direction. Only about one-third expect things to get better during the coming year.

Zambians overwhelmingly support democracy and reject authoritarian alternatives. But a majority say they are dissatisfied with the way democracy is working in their country.

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AD450: Manque de confiance, corruption et COVID-19, les Togolais néanmoins favorables à obéir à leur gouvernement

Depuis le premier cas confirmé de COVID-19, en novembre 2019 en Chine, cette pandémie a remis devant la scène internationale l’importance de la confiance entre gouvernants et gouvernés dans un contexte particulier de besoin de stratégies de communications de crise sanitaire.

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AD447: Gambians approve of government’s handling of COVID-19 but don’t trust vaccines

Within days after the Gambia registered its first coronavirus case on 17 March 2020, the government declared a state of public emergency. As the number of COVID-19 cases and deaths climbed, it closed the country’s airspace as well as sea and land borders, banned public gatherings, closed schools and universities, and instituted a night curfew to contain the spread of the virus (Darboe, 2020; Xinhua, 2020).

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Les Sénégalais ont une perception négative de la gouvernance économique de leur pays, selon une enquête d’Afrobarometer

Les Sénégalais ne sont pas satisfaits de la gouvernance économique de leur pays, selon une nouvelle enquête d’Afrobarometer.

En effet, la majorité des citoyens pensent que le pays se dirige vers une mauvaise direction et jugent « plutôt mal » ou « très mal » les réponses du gouvernement au chômage, au fossé entre riches et pauvres, et a d’autres préoccupations économiques.

Bien que la moitié des citoyens considèrent bonnes leurs conditions de vie, la pauvreté vécue est en hausse.

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