Elections

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AD49: Guineans confident in their freedom to vote, but not in the fairness of the count

Guineans are heading toward their second competitive presidential election since the end of Gen. Lansana Conté’s 24-year reign in 2010. The election contest pits incumbent President Alpha Condé and his Rally of the Guinean People (RPG) against seven challengers, including opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo and his Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG). In the 2010 general election, President Condé narrowly won in the second round, 52.52% to Diallo’s 47.48%.

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AD47: Zambians gaining confidence in elections as tools for accountability

As one of the first post-independence countries in Africa to effect leadership change through peaceful and competitive elections, Zambia has a history of multiparty politics dating back to 1991, when the United National Independent Party (UNIP) party was removed from power by the Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD). After ruling for 20 years, the MMD lost the elections in 2011, and the Patriotic Front (PF) was ushered into power.

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A majority of Zambians express confidence in the effectiveness of national elections

The percentage of Zambian citizens who believe in the effectiveness of national elections in effecting change has nearly doubled in a space of 10 years. The most recentAfrobarometer survey has revealed that between 2005 and 2014, the percentage of Zambians who expressed confidence in the effectivess of national electionsto bring about changeincreased from 30% in 2005 to 59% in 2014.

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WP159: Does clientelism help Tanzanian MPs establish long-term electoral support?

Tanzanian Members of Parliament (MPs) and political analysts describe the primary roles of MPs with a variety of phrases: benefactors, providers, executors, social workers, saviours, multi-faceted donors, even “walking ATMs". Indeed, in Tanzania, where a majority of citizens are poor and the government lacks resources and capacity to provide sufficient social services, MPs provide various kinds of financial and material assistance to their constituents to support their lives and cultivate their electoral support.

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Ugandans’ views on multipartism

Ugandans support multipartism as a viable political system of governance but many are not satisfied with the way multi-party politics work in Uganda, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

A significant proportion of Ugandans say that competition between political parties often leads to violent conflict, that the opposition political parties and their supporters are often silenced by Government, and many fear becoming victims of political intimidation or violence during election campaigns.

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Media briefing: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned Democrats: Who is for electoral reforms?

Key findings from the survey:

  • 9 in 10 adult Ugandans prefer to choose leaders through regular, open and honest elections.
  • Over the last decade and a half, support for elections in Uganda has averaged 88%, among the top 10 on the continent.
  • Majority not satisfied with quality of elections
  • Majority demand for electoral reform

Click here to download the full media briefing.

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PP25: MDC-T defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to intimidation?

In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also won 158 of the country’s 210 parliamentary seats, giving it more than a two-thirds majority in the lower House of Assembly, as well as a large majority of local council seats.

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Nigeria heads for closest election on record, survey shows

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the 2015 general elections, Afrobarometer survey findings show that support for democracy remains the majority view, though weaker than two years ago and tempered by high levels of dissatisfaction and low approval ratings for elected officials.

More than half (57%) of citizens say Nigeria is a democracy “with major problems” or not a democracy at all.

Elected officials at all levels, including the president and members of the National Assembly, receive weak approval ratings and are perceived by a majority of citizens as corrupt.

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Mixed views on democracy, accountability ahead of Nigeria's elections

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the 2015 general elections, Afrobarometer survey findings show that support for democracy remains the majority view, though weaker than two years ago and tempered by high levels of dissatisfaction and low approval ratings for elected officials.

More than half (57%) of citizens say Nigeria is a democracy “with major problems” or not a democracy at all.

Elected officials at all levels, including the president and members of the National Assembly, receive weak approval ratings and are perceived by a majority of citizens as corrupt.

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Electoral Continuity Expected in 2014: SWAPO dominates, but opposition parties survive and tolerance may be increasing

The SWAPO Party of Namibia continues to dominate the political scene in Namibia, with strong advantages in public trust and voter preference, but public tolerance of opposition parties may also be on the increase, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey. The opposition parties continue to survive and scramble for the minor places, with the DTA of Namibia and the Rally for Democracy and Progress in a close race for a distant second place behind the ruling SWAPO.

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Afrobarometer statement on Malawi Round 6 survey

Afrobarometer conducted a Round 6 survey from 23 March to 7 April 2014 on Malawian opinions and attitudes about democracy and governance as well as their views on economic and social development. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with a nationally representative sample
of 2400 Malawian citizens from all regions of the country. The survey included questions on citizen evaluations of the election environment, as well as their voting intentions.

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Amid political upheaval, Basotho support democratic process, reject military rule; trust in political institutions remains low

Basotho overwhelmingly support democratic elections and reject military and strongman rule, according to a new Afrobarometer study.

The survey, conducted at a time of mounting political tensions leading to the dissolution of Parliament, sheds light on citizen views on democracy and trust in political institutions, among other issues.

The Afrobarometer Round 6 public opinion survey interviewed 1,200 Basotho in May 2014. The nationally representative sample yields a +/- 3% margin of error with a 95% confidence level.

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