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Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric

At a glance

  • Democratic preferences: A majority of Kenyans prefer democratic, accountable governance in which:
    • Leaders are elected in free and fair elections.
    • Political parties compete in an open field.
    • The president is accountable to the people and Parliament.
  • Democracy improving: Compared to 2014, more Kenyans consider their country a democracy and are satisfied with the way it is working.

AD119: Will of the people? Election results and public opinion in Gabon

According to Gabon’s national electoral commission and a subsequent Constitutional Court ruling, incumbent President Ali Bongo won re-election in August against challenger Jean Ping. His razor-thin and disputed victory margin relies in part on extraordinarily strong support and high voter turnout in the president’s home province, Haut-Ogooué. The officially announced results prompted protests in which several people died and many were arrested.


PP35: Election quality, public trust are central issues for Africa’s upcoming contests

Nothing kindles democracy’s energies, anxieties, hopes, and frustrations like an election. The quality of an election can spell the difference between a cooking fire and an explosion.

If a successful election can calm and focus a nation (e.g. Namibia 2015), a disputed election can tear it apart (e.g. Burundi 2015, Côte d'Ivoire 2010, Kenya 2008).


Behind Gabon’s election dispute, citizens strongly support multiparty democracy, reject autocratic alternatives

Behind Gabon’s eruption in post-election conflict, its citizens are among the strongest in Africa in their support for multiparty democracy and their rejection of non-democratic alternatives, a new analysis by Afrobarometer shows.

Among 36 African countries surveyed in 2014/2015, Gabon ranks near the top in favouring multiparty competition and term limits on presidents, as well as in disapproving of one-party and one-man rule, according to citizen responses collected in September and October 2015.


In Gabon, overwhelming public distrust of CENAP and election quality forms backdrop for presidential vote dispute

Gabon’s presidential election dispute is playing out against a background of overwhelming public distrust of the national election commission (CENAP) and strikingly negative assessments of the country’s election environment in advance of the August 2016 vote, a new analysis by Afrobarometer shows.
Among 36 African countries surveyed in 2014/2015, Gabon ranks at or near the bottom on every indicator of election quality and fairness, according to citizen responses collected in September and October 2015.


AD107: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned democrats? Support for electoral law reforms in Uganda

Reform of electoral laws has been a mainstay of political discourse in Uganda for two decades. Since the issue came to the fore following the 1996 general elections, stakeholders on all sides – opposition political parties, civil-society organisations, election observer missions, government, and the Electoral Commission (EC) – have called for reform to ensure free and fair elections (International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 1996; Citizens’ Coalition for Electoral Democracy in Uganda, 2013a).


Fewer South Africans say opposition parties should focus on monitoring and criticising the government

In the run-up to local elections on 3 August 2016, the two leading opposition parties – the Democratic Alliance (DA) and Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) – are portraying the poll as a political watershed for democracy in the country in the wake of the recent Constitutional Court judgment against President Jacob Zuma regarding the use of state funds at his private residence in Nkandla. The two parties have played a crucial role in pushing for accountability on this matter over the past few years and were the applicants in the court case.


AD89: As South Africa’s local elections approach, public confidence underpins system in turmoil

South Africa’s fourth democratic local government elections, in August 2016, will be a test for the long-ruling but troubled African National Congress (ANC), for opposition parties hoping to claim some major cities, for an Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) caught between court orders and logistical realities, and for local government councillors facing their constituents.


BP151: Malgré la crise vécue, les Ivoiriens affirment leur soutien pour la démocratie

La Côte d’Ivoire est en train de sortir d’une crise politico-militaire qui a duré près d’une décennie et qui a contribué à accentuer le niveau de pauvreté dans le pays. Aujourd’hui, un Ivoirien sur deux vivent en dessous du seuil de pauvreté (Enquête sur le Niveau de Vie des Ménages, 2008). Les conditions de vie des populations se sont dégradées, et on a assisté à une prolifération de quartiers précaires. Le taux d’urbanisation qui était de 32% en 1975 est passé à 43% en 1998 et à 50% en 2012 selon l’Institut National de la Statistique (INS).


AD61: Elections Burkina Faso: Citizens trust electoral institutions, incumbent leaders

On 29 November 2015, Burkina Faso will conduct its first presidential and parliamentary elections since popular protests in October 2014 ousted long-serving President Blaise Compaoré. Initially planned for mid-October 2015, the elections were delayed by a coup in September, which was overturned amid street demonstrations and diplomatic pressure from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union, and the United Nations.


AD57: Call the police? Across Africa, citizens point to police and government performance issues on crime

Crime and insecurity are major challenges in African countries, threats to both national development and individual quality of life. According to the Legatum Prosperity Index, which assesses countries’ safety and security as part of national wealth and well-being, only 11 African countries rank in the top 100 countries worldwide in safety and security; the top-ranked African country (Benin) is at No. 50 (Legatum Institute, 2014). The U.S government rates crime in most African countries as either critical or high (U.S. Overseas Security Advisory Council, 2015).


Tanzanians approach competitive election with confidence in freedom to choose

As Tanzanians approach a competitive election for president, a majority of citizens say they trust the National Electoral Commission “a lot” or “somewhat,” and most feel “completely free” to vote for the candidate of their choice, according to new Afrobarometer survey findings.

Despite this confidence, significant proportions of the population voice concerns about the likelihood of a fair vote count, about bribery of voters, and about biased media coverage, and some citizens express fear of election-related intimidation and violence.


AD52: Tanzanians approach competitive election with confidence in freedom to choose

On 25 October 2015, Tanzania will have its fifth multiparty election since the restoration of the multiparty system in 1992. The incumbent president, Jakaya Kikwete, is ineligible to be elected due to the constitutional limit of two five-year terms for the presidential office. Following a highly contested nomination process, the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), selected John Magufuli as its presidential nominee, unexpectedly eliminating several heavyweights from the race.


AD51: Elections Côte d'Ivoire: Citizens mistrust electoral commission, fear political violence

On 25 October 2015, Côte d'Ivoire will conduct its first presidential election since the disputed 2010-2011 contest and civil war. The election pits President Alassane Ouattara against Pascal Affi N’Guessan and other challengers. In recent weeks, several candidates have voiced concerns about electoral institutions and the election environment, and former National Assembly President Mamadou Koulibaly withdrew his candidacy, citing doubts about the fairness of the election.


Le CNDD-FDD sort favori des intentions de vote

Une majorité de Burundais voteraient pour un candidat présidentiel issue du CNDD-FDD, selon une enquête d’Afrobaromètre menée en septembre et
octobre 2014.

Questionnés sur leur préférence si les élections présidentielles étaient organisées le lendemain de l’entretien, 56% des Burundais ont dit que leur
choix se porterait sur un candidat issu du CNDD-FDD. Cependant, l’expression sur l’appartenance politique se fait avec beaucoup de réticences, car 24% des répondants n’ont pas voulu s’exprimer là-dessus.


Les Togolais sont en faveur d’une plus grande inclusion politique et économique de leur diaspora

Une grande majorité des Togolais se sont prononcés pour le recensement et le vote aux élections nationales des Togolais de la diaspora : c’est ce que révèle la dernière enquête Afrobaromètre qu’a réalisé le CROP en octobre 2014.

Sur le volet économique et pour neuf Togolais sur 10, le gouvernement devrait mettre en place des mesures incitatives pour encourager et soutenir l’investissement des Togolais vivant à l’étranger. Par ailleurs, Il faut noter que 16% des Togolais déclarent recevoir des subsides d’amis ou de parents vivant à l’étranger.


Les Togolais désirent fortement les élections locales

Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre d’octobre 2014 au Togo, près de huit Togolais sur 10 (77%) ont déclaré être “d’accord” ou “tout à fait d’accord” que les autorités locales comme les maires soient élues. Malgré des variations entre les six régions, l’adhésion des Togolais à cette réforme reste majoritaire.

Pour ce qui est des responsabilités de l’autorité locale, la majorité des Togolais se prononcent pour le maintien de la propreté de la communauté, la protection des cours d’eau et des forêts, la gestion des écoles et la gestion des centres de santé.


La majorité des Togolais ne se reconnaissent pas dans les ambitions réelles de la classe politique

Plus de deux tiers des Togolais disent que les dirigeants des partis politiques sont plus soucieux de faire avancer leurs propres ambitions politiques que l’intérêt du peuple, selon la plus récente enquête Afrobaromètre.

Cette opinion – bien que variable suivant le milieu de résidence, le sexe, ou l’opinion politique des répondants – reste majoritaire dans toutes les couches.


Les Ivoiriens dénoncent des intimidations politiques lors du processus électorale et suggèrent des pistes pour une élection présidentielle apaisée en 2015

Un Ivoirien sur trois dit avoir «très peur» d’être victime d’intimidation politique ou de violence lors des campagnes électorales, d’après la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre en Côte d’Ivoire.