In his inaugural speech in November 2017, President Emmerson Mnangagwa pledged to fight corruption, a scourge that he said “remains the major source of some of the problems we face as a country, and its retarding impact on national development cannot be over- emphasized” (Sithole-Matarise, 2017).
Ugandans are increasingly dissatisfied with their government’s performance in fighting corruption, according to Afrobarometer survey findings.
Seven in 10 Ugandans say their government is performing “fairly badly” or “very badly” in combating corruption.
More than three-quarters of Ugandans believe that citizens who report corruption to the authorities risk retaliation or other negative consequences
A majority of Ugandans say the level of corruption in the country increased last year, according to a recent Afrobarometer survey.
While somewhat fewer citizens see increasing corruption than in previous survey rounds, many Ugandans still report having to pay bribes to obtain public services.
A growing number of Zambians say corruption is on the rise and the government is doing a poor job of fighting it, a recent Afrobarometer study shows.
As in many African countries, the police are most widely perceived as corrupt, followed by officials in the Office of the Presidency, local government councilors, and members of Parliament.
An overwhelming majority of Zambians think that ordinary people risk retaliation if they report corruption to the authorities.
La plus récente enquête d’Afrobarometer au Cameroun révèle que la majorité des Camerounais perçoivent que la corruption a augmenté au cours de l’année écoulée.
En plus, la plupart des citoyens affirment qu’ils risquent des représailles ou d’autres conséquences négatives s’ils signalent des actes de corruption.
A growing number of Gambians say corruption is on the rise and the government is not doing enough to combat it, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.
Over the past three years, citizens’ perceptions of widespread corruption among public officials have increased significantly. A substantial number of Gambians also report having to pay bribes to obtain public services, and only half believe they can report corruption to the authorities without fear of retaliation.
La corruption constitue l’un des plus gros freins au développement du continent africain. Elle cause, à elle seule, une perte annuelle estimée à 148 milliards de dollars, soit 25% du produit intérieur brut (PIB) de l’Afrique (Financial Africa, 2019). Pour lutter contre ce phénomène, le gouvernement du Sénégal a créé, depuis 2012, l’Office National de Lutte Contre la Fraude et la Corruption (OFNAC), une autorité administrative indépendante dotée de l’autonomie financière.
Liberians want an accountable government but say that corruption is increasing in the country, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.
Nearly two out of three citizens prefer an accountable government over one that can get things done without being answerable to its citizens. But most Liberians say some key elected officials “never” or “only sometimes” listen to their constituents.
A new Afrobarometer survey in Uganda shows that a majority of citizens approve of the government’s management of the response to COVID-19, although many raise concerns about corruption.
More than three-quarters of Ugandans believe that at least some of the resources available for responding to the pandemic were lost due to corruption among government officials.
Only about half of citizens say they trust government statistics on COVID-19 cases and deaths.
A majority of Ugandans think that corruption is getting worse in their country and that their government is doing a bad job of fighting it. Most say ordinary people risk retaliation if they report corruption to the authorities, findings from a recent Afrobarometer survey show.
More than three-quarters of Mauritians say the level of corruption in the country increased last year, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey, and majorities express mistrust of their leaders and institutions.
Low levels of popular trust mark the established political class, including both the ruling coalition and opposition political parties, as well as the president and prime minister, the National Assembly, and the Electoral Commission.
Christiaan Keulder is the owner of Survey Warehouse and national investigator for Afrobarometer in Namibia.
Originally published on the Washington Post Monkey Cage blog, where our biweekly Afrobarometer Friday series explores Africans’ views on democracy, governance, quality of life, and other critical topics.
Developing countries lose $1.26 trillion a year to corruption, theft, and tax evasion, according to analysts’ estimates – a sum large enough to lift 1.4 billion people above the poverty line for six years (Fleming, 2019). Unless we control corruption, development experts say, achieving the other Sustainable Development Goals will be all but impossible (United Nations, 2019; Rubio & Andvig, 2019).
Em apenas um ano, Angola melhorou da 167a para 146a posição no Índice de Percepção da Corrupção (CPI) da Transparency International (2020), em grande parte devido à força das reformas anticorrupção introduzidas após a posse do Presidente João Lourenço em Setembro de 2017 (Jornal de Angola, 2020; O Observador, 2020a).
In just one year, Angola improved from 167th to 146th on Transparency International’s (2020) Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), largely on the strength of anti-corruption reforms introduced after President João Lourenço took office in 2017 (Jornal de Angola, 2020; O Observador, 2020a).
Most Tunisians say smuggling and corruption are problems in the country, and very few think the government is doing a good job of resolving them, a new Afrobarometer study shows.
Citizens are more than twice as likely to say they prefer buying legal but expensive goods over cheaper smuggled goods. Although most Tunisians say it is wrong to work as a driver of smuggled goods, a significant proportion think it is “wrong but understandable” to buy smuggled goods.
A majority of Sierra Leoneans say the Commissions of Inquiry are effective in addressing corruption in the country, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.
By a 4-to-1 margin, citizens also say the commissions are impartial and do not favour one party or group over another. Only about one in 10 citizens hold negative views of the commissions’ impartiality and effectiveness, though about one-third say they don’t know enough about the commissions to offer an opinion.
A majority of Nigerians say the level of corruption in the country has increased and the government is doing a poor job of fighting it, a stark reversal from positive assessments three years ago, a new Afrobarometer study shows.
Since assuming office in May 2015, the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari has taken several measures to curb corruption.
Despite appeals by the president and attorney general to join the national crusade against corruption, a majority of Angolans believe that reporting corruption cases carries risks of retaliation or other negative consequences, according to Afrobarometer’s first survey in the country.
João Lourenço, Presidente da República, e Hélder Pitta-Grós, Procurador Geral da República, têm multiplicado apelos aos cidadãos angolanos para juntarem-se à cruzada nacional contra a corrupção, denunciando activamente os casos de corrupção. Entretanto, os dados do primeiro inquérito do Afrobarometer revelam que a maioria dos angolanos consideram que a denúncia de casos de corrupção acarreta riscos de retaliação ou outras consequências negativas.
governamentais, muitos países em desenvolvimento enfrentam obstáculos na implementação de sistemas fiscais eficazes e eficientes (Tanzi & Zee, 2000). Impostos diretos, como o imposto de renda pessoal, são particularmente difíceis de administrar, pois exigem processos e estruturas complexas para identificar os contribuintes e facilitar e reforçar a conformidade (Kangave, 2005). Dadas estas dificuldades, muitos países em desenvolvimento dependem fortemente de impostos sobre o consumo que não podem ser evitados mesmo por aqueles no setor informal.
While tax revenues are a critical part of financing government services, many developing countries face obstacles in implementing effective and efficient tax systems (Tanzi & Zee, 2000). Direct taxes, such as personal income taxes, are particularly difficult to administer as they require complex processes and structures to identify taxpayers and facilitate and enforce compliance (Kangave, 2005). Given these difficulties, many developing countries rely heavily on consumption taxes that cannot be evaded even by those in the informal sector.
La violence est l’utilisation de la force physique ou psychologique pour contraindre, dominer, causer des dommages ou la mort. Elle peut provenir d’une incompréhension, de l’ivresse ou de la drogue, d’une agression à domicile ou dans la rue, d’un extrémisme politique ou religieux – les circonstances et les ca uses de la violence sont légion.
Gugu Nonjinge discusses the latest Corruption Barometer findings based on Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2016 and 2018.
The full report can be accessed here: http://afrobarometer.org/publications/global-corruption-barometer-africa...
Cabo Verde has long enjoyed a reputation for financial transparency and severe sanctions against fraud, bolstered by its independent central bank, independent judiciary, and Court of Auditors (African Development Bank, 2012).
Six in 10 Mauritians (61%) say that corruption has increased over the past year, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.
Overwhelming majorities of Mauritians believe that at least some government officials, police, National Assembly members, local councils, and prime minister staff are involved in corruption.
A majority of Mauritians say ordinary citizens risk retaliation if they report corruption.
Since Muhammadu Buhari became president in May 2015, Nigerians have witnessed a series of investigations into alleged corruption by past and present government officials, including high-profile cases involving the former minister of petroleum and a former national security adviser (Al Jazeera, 2017; Vanguard, 2016; Oyibode, 2017).