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In Tanzania, China outranks U.S. as positive influence and development model, Afrobarometer survey shows

In a new Afrobarometer survey in Tanzania, China is overwhelmingly seen as a positive influence and has surpassed the United States as a preferred development model.

Growing numbers of Tanzanians say that China’s economic activities have “a lot” of influence on the Tanzanian economy and that China is the best model for the country’s future development.


AD489: Africans welcome China’s influence but maintain democratic aspirations

Home to some of the world’s fastest-growing economies (Mitchell, 2019), Africa has attracted the attention of leaders and economic strategists everywhere, including China. Over the past two decades, political and economic relations between China and Africa have grown rapidly, with trade volumes increasing from about $11 billion in 2000 to $192 billion in 2019


In Malawi, perceptions of China’s influence, though positive, are on the decline

China is seen as an important economic player in Malawi, although its perceived influence has declined considerably since 2014, according to Afrobarometer’s most recent survey (in late 2019) in Malawi.

Citizens who consider China’s economic and political influence in their country positive outnumber those who see it as negative. China’s low-cost products and infrastructure and business investments are the main drivers of positive perceptions, while the poor quality of its products is the main reason for negative views.


China has invested deeply in Africa. We checked to see whether that is undermining democracy.

The second in Afrobarometer’s special democracy summit series on Africa.


Originally published on the Washington Post Monkey Cage blog, where our regular Afrobarometer series explores Africans’ views on democracy, governance, quality of life, and other critical topics.



#VoicesAfrica webinar on Africans’ perceptions of Africa-China engagement: 34 countries' views

As China and the US battle for global influence, what’s the score in Africa? Who’s winning the race for the affections of Africans?

About this event

Home to some of the world’s fastest-growing economies, Africa has attracted considerable attention and investment from China. Although the U.S. is still the largest aid donor, China is the leading provider of financial support for infrastructure development on the continent.


Les Sénégalais jugent positive l’influence économique et politique de la Chine et des Etats-Unis et pointent du doigt celle de la France

Selon les résultats d’une nouvelle enquête d’Afrobarometer, la majorité des Sénégalais pensent que l’influence économique et politique de la Chine et des Etats-Unis d’Amérique sur le Sénégal sont positives. En revanche, l’influence de la France sur le pays est plutôt perçue comme étant négative par la majorité des citoyens. Les résultats de l’enquête montrent que les populations en milieu urbain et les plus instruits sont celles qui jugent plus négativement l’influence économique et politique de la France.


World Development Information Day: China’s growing presence in Africa wins positive popular reviews (Afrobarometer findings)

Key findings

  • On average across 36 African countries, China is the second-most-popular model for national development (cited by 24% of respondents), trailing only the United States of America (30%). About one in 10 respondents prefer their former colonial power (13%) or South Africa (11%) as a model.

AD122: China’s growing presence in Africa wins largely positive popular reviews

Strategic collaboration with Africa has become a priority in the global North, East, and West. Powers that once saw the African continent primarily as a source of raw materials now focus on “partnership” and “development,” following the lead of the U.S. African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA) in highlighting mutual benefits of investment and trade. .


AD117: China ranks high as development model for Tunisia but trails France, U.S. in perceived influence

Tunisians look up to China, the world’s largest economy, as a model for the future development of their country but consider it far less influential in Tunisia than France and the United States, according to Afrobarometer survey results.

Public perceptions are divided as to whether China’s economic and political influence on Tunisia is positive or negative. As for China’s economic development assistance, a plurality (47%) of Tunisians say it helps meet the country’s needs, while about half as many (19%) disagree.


Le modèle chinois rivalise les autres modèles de développement

Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre, la Chine rivalise les autres modèles de développement pour le Bénin. Malgré la mauvaise qualité de leurs produits, qui donne à la Chine une image négative, un quart des Béninois trouvent que la Chine (26%) au même titre
que la France (27%) serait le meilleur modèle de développement futur de notre pays.


L’influence de la Chine sur le Togo est perçue positivement

Selon la dernière enquête Afrobaromètre au Togo, les Togolais dans leur grande majorité reconnaissent que les activités économiques de la Chine influencent l’économie du Togo. De plus, l’influence des activités économiques et de la politique chinoises sont perçues majoritairement positive.

Ces perceptions sont partagée par la majorité des Togolais quel que soit leur sexe ou milieu de résidence.


BP157: Guinéens apprécient l’influence de la Chine mais préfèrent le modèle des Etats-Unis

This briefing paper is only available in French.

Si la Chine n’est pas un acteur nouveau en Afrique, sa présence s’est beaucoup renforcée au cours de la dernière décennie. En effet, le forum sino-africain tenu en 2006 confirme la place centrale que tient désormais l’Afrique dans les stratégies extérieures du gouvernement chinois.


China has most influence on Zimbabwe but its development model is not the best

Just over half of Zimbabweans think that China has the most influence on Zimbabwe compared to that of other countries and international organisations. Nearly half also feel that China’s economic and political influence on Zimbabwe is mostly positive. However, only a fifth regard its development model as the best”. 


China influence seen as strong, positive in Tanzania

China has a greater influence on Tanzania than any other country and is a preferred model for Tanzania’s future development, the latest Afrobarometer survey suggests.

Tanzanians see China’s economic and political influence on Tanzania as mostly positive, the survey shows. But only about half of Tanzanians say that Chinese assistance does “somewhat of a good job” or “a very good” of meeting Tanzania’s needs.


Malawians admire South Africa’s development model but quality of products damaging China’s image

Malawians wish the future development of their country to be modelled after that of South Africa, compared to alternative models of other countries like the USA, China and Britain according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

In related results, Malawians are divided on whether China’s economic development assistance does a good job in meeting development needs of the country. Economic, rather than political, factors matter most in shaping Malawians’ perception of China according to the survey—which was conducted in March and April 2014.


Les Etats-Unis sont plus admirés par les Togolais, mais la France est plus influente

Un Togolais sur trois choisit le modèle de développement des Etats-Unis comme le meilleur pour le futur du Togo, selon la plus récente enquête nationale d’Afrobaromètre.

La France, ancienne puissance coloniale, n’arrive qu’en quatrième position, derrière les USA, la Chine, et l’Afrique du Sud, au rang des pays dont les Togolais aimeraient suivre l’exemple de développement.
Mais la majorité des Togolais pensent que c’est la France qui a le plus d’influence sur le Togo.


WP117: African perspectives on China-Africa: Gauging popular perceptions and their economic and political determinants

China ’s recent political and economic inroads into Africa have generated much excitement in the current literature, with scholars and policymakers endeavoring to assess the merits and risks implicit in this renewed engagement. Absent from the literature, however, are systematic analyses of African perceptions of the rapidly growing China-Africa links and their underlying determinants. This article fills this void by examining indeed not only African attitudes towards China ’s African presence, but deciphering the very considerations informing these views.


AD13: Malawians admire South Africa as development model, see strong influence of U.S. and China

South Africa ranks highest among models for Malawi’s future development, according to Malawians’ perceptions of international relations expressed in a recent Afrobarometer survey. The United States is the second-most-popular model and is regarded as the most influential country in Malawi.



Perceptions of the extent of China’s influence, and the extent to which it benefits or harms national interests.