At a glance
Fear of electoral violence declined slightly but remained high: The proportion of Zimbabweans who fear becoming a victim of electoral violence dropped by 8 percentage points since May 2018 but is still above average among African countries.
Zimbabweans remained apprehensive about the possibility of electoral manipulation: As was the case in May 2018, significant minorities were worried about ballot secrecy, counting of votes, announcement of incorrect results, post-election violence, and the military not accepting election results.
Presidential race tightened one month ahead of July 30 voting: Among registered likely voters, incumbent Mnangagwa’s lead over challenger Chamisa dropped from 11 to just 3 percentage points between early May and early July. The voting intentions of 20% were unknown.