Where is Africa going? This compendium summarizes both continental trends and divergent country directions. It is based on three rounds of Afrobarometer public opinion surveys, 1999-2006. Among the many original results are the following: Even though Africans increasingly worry about unemployment and food insecurity, they are politically patient; they are not ready to reject democracy simply because it may fail at economic delivery. And even though Africans consistently consider the economic present to be worse then the economic past, they see better times ahead.
More South Africans are going without enough food, clean water, and other basic necessities as “lived poverty” in the country increased compared to 2015, Afrobarometer’s latest survey shows.
Africa’s second-largest economy has been struggling. High unemployment (27.1% overall) has reached frightening levels among South Africa’s youth (54.7%). Rising prices for fuel and basic commodities have eroded consumers’ purchasing power. The kickstart provided by the 2010 World Cup is a fond memory, as gross domestic product (GDP) growth sputtered and all but stalled, at 0.6%, by 2016 (International Monetary Fund, 2018; IOL, 2018).
L’amélioration des conditions de vie des populations passe nécessairement par un meilleur accès aux premières nécessités et la mise en place des stratégies pouvant permettre de réduire efficacement la pauvreté. C’est dans ce cadre que les gouvernements qui ont succédé à la tête de la Guinée ont conçu et mis en oeuvre des axes stratégiques de réduction de la pauvreté depuis 2002.
La majorité des Maliens jugent que leurs conditions de vie sont mauvaises, même si la pauvreté vécue par certaines couches de la population semble avoir légèrement reculée, selon la dernière enquête d’Afrobaromètre.
Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre au Sénégal, la proportion de citoyens confrontés aux manques de nourriture, d’eau potable, de soins médicaux, et de combustible pour la cuisson a baissé alors que ceux qui manquent de revenu monétaire reste très important et n’épargne aucune catégorie sociale.
Alors qu’une alimentation adéquate et l’eau potable demeurent un défi quotidien pour des millions d'Africains, la pauvreté au niveau des ménages – « pauvreté vécue » – est en baisse dans les deux-tiers des pays enquêtés par Afrobaromètre, selon les résultats d’enquête nouvellement disséminés.
Bien que l'Afrique ait connu des niveaux élevés de croissance économique au cours de la décennie passée, les enquêtes précédentes d'Afrobaromètre avec les citoyens n’ont pas vraiment laissé penser que cette croissance avait réduit les degrés de pauvreté de façon durable (Dulani, Mattes, et Logan, 2013). Cependant, les nouvelles données du Round 6 d'Afrobaromètre, collectées à travers 35 pays africains, suggèrent une représentation très différente.
In this Briefing Paper, we find that even with the significant growth that Sub-Saharan Africa has experienced over the past decade, as of 2008 lived poverty (or the extent to which people regularly go without basic necessities) is still extensive. It has declined in 9 of the Afrobarometer countries for which we have over time data during this period, it has increased in 6 countries. We find that cross-national differences in economic growth help explain differing country trajectories in lived poverty.
Since the 1990s, Mozambique has been realizing the benefits the economic policy shifts of the late 1980s, including structural adjustment, privatization and liberalization, and conservative fiscal and monetary policies. By the late 1990s, Mozambqiue had “recorded some of the highest levels of annual economic growth in Africa, averaging 6 to 10 percent per annum”. And with exception of the rapid price rises in the flood years of 2000 and 2001, inflation has been brought down to single digits.
Effective access to functioning and well-equipped social services is a prerequisite to improving the quality of life and for promoting the well being of all Tanzanians. The Afrobarometer has now tracked Tanzanians’ perceptions of the quality of social service delivery – specifically with respect to education, water supply and health – for three rounds of nationally representative survey s, in 2001, 2003 and 2005.
South Africa’s strong economic performance of the past few years has not been registered simply in official growth rates, but also in the positive evaluations of ordinary citizens. At the same time, it seems that economic growth has not yet succeeded in reducing the number of South Africans who regularly go without the basic necessities of life.
This is one of the many important results revealed by the recent Afrobarometer survey of a representative sample of 2,400 South Africans, conducted in January and February 2006 by Citizen Surveys.
Despite major efforts over the past two decades to create equal opportunities for women to participate in politics and to increase female representation in government leadership in sub-Saharan Africa, women's inclusion continues to be a major challenge.According to the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Report 2013,the proportion of seats held by women in single or lower houses of national parliaments in sub-Saharan Africa increased by just 8 percentage points between 2000 and 2013, from 13% to 21%.
Academic and policy researchers in Botswana have been unanimous in their analysis of Botswana’s economic shape. Dubbed an “economic miracle” by some (Samatar, 1999) and a “shining example” by others, Botswana continues to enjoy praise for its economic performance. Even against the projected economic slowdown due to the on- going global economic crisis, Botswana’s economy is said to be doing well as witnessed by its 8.0 percent GDP growth in 2011.
How does poverty shape the prospects for consolidating democratic government?
Political analysts have long believed that sustaining democratic government in a poor society is harder than in a relatively wealthy one. This is a sobering thought for all those committed to democracy in Africa.
To explore the political dynamics of poverty, we use data from seven 1999-2000 Afrobarometer surveys in Southern Africa to develop an index of poverty and then test its impact on political attitudes and behaviours critical to democracy.
This paper addresses the problem that Africans tell us is uppermost in their minds: unemployment. We analyze self-reported unemployment in the light of popular views about general economic conditions and prevailing programs of policy reform.
In this paper, we examine data that describe Africans’ everyday experiences with poverty, their sense of national progress, and their views of the future. The source is nationally representative sample surveys in 15 countries conducted from June 2002 to October 2003 in Round 2 of the Afrobarometer.
The post-2015 sustainable development discourse has emphasized the need for a more inclusive and participatory policy framework projecting the voices of the people in policy-making and implementation processes. Some commentators have argued that while the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have achieved some poverty reduction, the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) should be better designed to enhance the living standards of the people. Yet not much has been done to create the necessary space for citizens’ voices to be heard.
More Batswana report experiencing deprivation of basic needs such as water, cash income, and food, according to a new Afrobarometer study. Close to four in ten (37%), in 2014 report having gone without cash income "many times" or "always" as compared to 33% in 2003. Food remains a problem, with 15% Batswana reporting deprivation from food "many times" or "always"- compared to 16% in 2014 and 10% in 2008.
<p> Findings on evaluations of the economy and national government from the Round 5 (2012) survey in Sierra Leone.</p><p><a href="/sites/default/files/media-briefing/sierra-leone/srl_r5_presentation1.pdf" target="_blank">Download the full document</a></p>
Most Ghanaians describe their country’s economic condition and their own living conditions as “bad” or “very bad,” the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.
The findings also indicate that nearly four in 10 Ghanaians are pessimistic about economic conditions in the coming year. The data is being released as Ghana engages with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other development partners in an effort to boost international confidence and solicit support for the country's programme for economic stabilization and growth.
Afrobarometer surveys generate a variety of measures of individuals’ economic status and experience with poverty, which can be compared at both the sub-national (e.g., by province or urban vs. rural) and cross-national levels. The surveys also collect data on respondents’ access to and utilization of public services, and on their political engagement.