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Liberians are unhappy about economic conditions, but divided on impact of protests, new Afrobarometer study shows

Liberians hold gloomy views of the direction of the country, the country’s economic conditions, and their personal living conditions. But they are split on whether protests are an effective way to influence political leaders and policies, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Majorities also say that the level of corruption in the country has increased, that citizens are treated unequally under the law, and that officials who commit crimes often go unpunished.

French

Mauritians approve of government’s COVID-19 response but are concerned about possible corruption, new Afrobarometer study shows

A large majority of Mauritians commend the government’s handling of the response to the COVID-19 but about half also believe that resources allocated to the pandemic response were last or stolen, according to a new Afrobarometer survey.

Most Mauritians approve of the government’s response, even though they found it difficult to comply with lockdown and curfew restrictions. Despite this, they believe the measures – including school closures – were necessary to limit the spread of COVID-19.

French

AD427: Mauritians praise government’s COVID-19 response but suspect corruption, distrust politicians

The day after Mauritius recorded its first three cases of coronavirus in March 2020, the government closed the country’s borders and announced a nationwide lockdown (World Health Organization, 2020). Schools were closed, public transport services were limited, private vehicles were subject to police checks, and only those with work access permits were allowed to move around the island.
French

AD427: Mauritians praise government’s COVID-19 response but suspect corruption, distrust politicians

The day after Mauritius recorded its first three cases of coronavirus in March 2020, the government closed the country’s borders and announced a nationwide lockdown (World Health Organization, 2020). Schools were closed, public transport services were limited, private vehicles were subject to police checks, and only those with work access permits were allowed to move around the island.

French

Majority of Sierra Leoneans want the country to finance its own development, but welcome loan conditions and international trade

A majority of Sierra Leoneans want their country to finance its own development even if this means they have to pay more in taxes, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

If the country receives external loans or development assistance, these should be tied to strict requirements about how the resources are used and to the promotion of democracy and human rights, a majority of citizens say.

French

AD426:With high prevalence of lived poverty, Ethiopians rate government’s economic performance as poor

Home to about 115 million people, Ethiopia is the second-most-populous nation in Africa and has one of the fastest-growing economies in the region. According to the World Bank (2020), Ethiopia’s economy experienced strong, broad-based growth averaging 9.8% a year from 2008/2009 to 2018/2019, with the share of the population living below the national poverty line declining from 38% to 24% over the same period.

French

#InternationalDayofDemocracy MPs are failing at the jobs that Sierra Leoneans want them to do

Most Sierra Leoneans say their members of Parliament (MPs) are ineffective, rarely visit or help their constituents, and are untrustworthy, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Survey respondents’ negative assessments add up to a scathing indictment of parliamentarian performance. While citizens want MPs to listen to their constituents, represent their needs, and deliver jobs and development to their communities, a majority of survey respondents say their MPs are ineffective at these tasks, as well as at making laws for the good of the country.

French

Kenyans support rule of law in governance, respect for the law and courts by the president

Kenyans overwhelmingly favour a government that follows the law even if it conflicts with the will of its supporters, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

The survey also finds strong support among Kenyans for respect of the law and courts by the president.

Only one in 10 citizens say a government that enjoys popular support “should be free to do whatever the people want, even if it is outside the law.”

French

WP175: Wartime educational loss and attitudes toward democratic institutions

How does civil war affect society and citizen interaction with politics? Civilians who live through warfare face numerous challenges that can have permanent effects on society even after peace is achieved.

This project uses the Liberian civil wars as a case study to examine the impact of war through one channel – disruptions in education for an entire generation of children. The paper shows that negative effects of war on education and economic outcomes clash with citizen expectations for post-war democracy, leading to negative consequences for the democratization process.

French

AD133: A second spring for democracy in post-Mubarak Egypt? Findings from Afrobarometer

DISPONIBLE SEULEMENT EN ANGLAIS.

In early 2016, five years after the beginning of the Arab Spring, the Economist (2016) reported that hopes raised by the uprisings had been destroyed. “The wells of despair are overflowing,” the newspaper said, the uprisings having brought “nothing but woe.” In addition to stagnant economic growth, rent-seeking was “rampant,” security forces continued to repress the population, and grounds were more fertile than ever for the emergence of radicals “who posit their own brutal vision of Islamic Utopia as the only solution.”

French

AD131: Weak support and limited participation hinder women’s political leadership in North Africa

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Politics is still largely a male domain. Gains in women’s political leadership have been real but not rapid (Ndlovu & Mutale, 2013). Globally, the share of national parliamentary seats held by women has nearly doubled over the past two decades, reaching 23% in 2016, but that still means that more than three out of four parliamentarians are men (UN Women, 2016a; World Bank, 2016a).

French

AD130: Zimbabweans demand accountability in governance, doubt efficacy of elections

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Accountability is often described as a cornerstone of good governance, but a more accurate image might be a whole wheelbarrow of building blocks – the president, government agencies, Parliament, the judiciary, opposition parties, the media, and voters all holding one another accountable to form a foundation for democracy.

French

AD129: En Guinée, l’intérêt à la vie politique est faible, mais la perception des libertés est forte

Depuis 1988, les Guinéens ont progressivement retrouvé leur liberté d’adhérer à toute organisation politique de leur choix et de voter pour leur candidat. En 1990, il y a eu la consécration de ces libertés dans la constitution. Par la suite, le Conseil Transitoire de Redressement National (CTRN) a élaboré des projets de loi qui devaient permettre la formation de partis politiques indépendants, la tenue d'élections nationales, et la liberté de la presse. Les partis politiques furent légalisés en 1992.

French

PP36: Les Africains veulent-ils encore de la démocratie?

A en juger par les titres qui font la une des médias, la démocratie semble être mise à rude épreuve partout par des leaders comme Vladimir Putin en Russie, Recep Tayyip Erdogan en Turquie, et Yoweri Museveni en Ouganda. Pourtant les sociologues savent qu'il y a souvent une disparité entre ce qui transparait des bulletins d'actualités ou des média sociaux et les tendances profondes et réelles. A titre d'exemple, l'intérêt médiatique aux guerres en Syrie et en Irak suggère une montée des conflits dans le monde.

French

WP168: Mesurer la démocratie en Afrique par l’approche de l’anchorage

Alors que les recherches sur les attitudes populaires envers la démocratie reposent souvent sur les autoévaluations subjectives pour évaluer le niveau de démocratie atteint par un pays, diverses compréhensions populaires du terme « démocratie » rendent problématique toute comparaison entre répondants, pays, ou continents. Une des voies empruntées pour essayer de résoudre ce manque de compréhension universelle est l’« anchorage » des autoévaluations avec un ensemble de vignettes décrivant les conditions politiques de pays fictifs.

French

AD119: La voix du peuple? Résultats des élections et opinions publiques au Gabon

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Selon la Commission Electorale Nationale Autonome et Permanente (CENAP) et une décision de la Cour Constitutionnelle du Gabon, le Président Ali Bongo a été réélu en août par une infime marge reposant, entre autre, sur un soutien et un taux de participation extraordinaire dans la province natale du président, le Haut-Ogooué.1 Les résultats proclamés ont suscité des manifestations mortelles et continuent à être largement mis en doute par l’opposant principal Jean Ping et les observateurs de l’Union Européenne.

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AD115: Performance des députés et conseillers locaux: Au service des électeurs ou de leurs propres intérêts?

Les députés à l’Assemblée Nationale et les conseillers locaux sont élus pour représenter leurs mandants. Dans une démocratie fonctionnelle, ces représentants du peuple sont censés représenter l'intérêt public et rendre compte à leurs électeurs. Comment les citoyens africains pensent-ils que leurs représentants élus s’acquittent de leurs responsabilités?

Comment les mandants perçoivent-ils l’intégrité de leurs dirigeants politiques, leur réceptivité aux opinions des populations, leur dévouement au service public?

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Rendement au travail des députés et conseillers locaux: Servent-ils les intérêts des électeurs africains ou les leurs? (Afrobaromètre)

Résultats clés

  • À travers 36 pays africains, moins de la moitié des répondants affirment faire « partiellement » ou « très » confiance à leurs députés (48%) et conseillers locaux (46%). Parmi 12 institutions et dirigeants publics, les députés et conseillers locaux se classent aux huitième et neuvième places en ce qui concerne la confiance publique.
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AD105: Citizen response points to appreciation, challenges of Kenya’s devolved governance

The promulgation of Kenya’s Constitution in 2010 and the ushering in of county governments in 2013 generated high public expectations of efficient service delivery without much consideration of the complexity of such a transition in governance. Kenya’s devolution involves both political and administrative changes, requiring the national government and counties to collaborate in building a new political culture and leadership, with citizens as the pillar of reflexive governance. If that pillar is weak, the form of governance that Kenya has embraced is threatened.

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