La gouvernance

Subscribe to RSS - La gouvernance
Icon: 
French

WP60: Where is Africa going? Views from below: A compendium of trends in public opinion in 12 African countries, 1999-2006

Where is Africa going? This compendium summarizes both continental trends and divergent country directions. It is based on three rounds of Afrobarometer public opinion surveys, 1999-2006. Among the many original results are the following: Even though Africans increasingly worry about unemployment and food insecurity, they are politically patient; they are not ready to reject democracy simply because it may fail at economic delivery. And even though Africans consistently consider the economic present to be worse then the economic past, they see better times ahead.

French

Liberians want a voice in choosing their county superintendents, new Afrobarometer study shows

A large majority of Liberians want their county superintendents to be elected directly by the citizens instead of being appointed by the president, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Under the current appointment system, relatively few citizens say they contact their county superintendents to discuss problems or share their views, and popular trust in county superintendents is low compared to other leaders. Public approval of their job performance declined compared to 2018.

French

Ethiopians trust traditional leaders more than other institutions, would like to see their influence increase, Afrobarometer survey shows

Ethiopians trust their traditional leaders more than state institutions and elected officials, and would like to see their influence increase, Afrobarometer survey findings shows.

However, most citizens want their traditional leaders to stay out of politics.

French

Zambians approve of pandemic response but voice concerns about corruption and vaccines, Afrobarometer survey shows

A new Afrobarometer survey in Zambia shows that most citizens approve of the government’s performance in managing the response to COVID-19.

But majorities also think that resources for the pandemic response were lost to government corruption and that the government cannot be trusted to ensure that COVID-19 vaccines are safe.

Most citizens say the pandemic does not justify postponing elections or limiting political campaigning, a finding that is particularly important ahead of the country’s general election scheduled for 12 August.

French

AD431: Zambians approve of government’s COVID-19 response despite questions about aid, vaccines

Zambia recorded its first COVID-19 case on 18 March 2020. A week later, President Edgar Lungu closed all schools and universities, restaurants (except on a take-away basis), nightclubs, cinemas, and gyms; limited public gatherings to less than 50 people; suspended international flights except to and from Lusaka; ordered quarantining of travelers entering the country; and ordered mandatory mask-wearing in public (SATUCC, 2020; United Nations, 2020; United Nations Development Programme, 2020).

French

In Sierra Leone, support for democracy remains high, but satisfaction with the way democracy works has dropped

Most Sierra Leoneans support democracy and reject authoritarian alternatives, but satisfaction with the way democracy works in the country has dipped, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

Among 18 countries surveyed in late 2019 and 2020, Sierra Leone records the second-highest level of support for democracy. Sierra Leoneans’ preference for accountable governance has also increased consistently since 2012.

French

Liberians are unhappy about economic conditions, but divided on impact of protests, new Afrobarometer study shows

Liberians hold gloomy views of the direction of the country, the country’s economic conditions, and their personal living conditions. But they are split on whether protests are an effective way to influence political leaders and policies, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Majorities also say that the level of corruption in the country has increased, that citizens are treated unequally under the law, and that officials who commit crimes often go unpunished.

French

Mauritians approve of government’s COVID-19 response but are concerned about possible corruption, new Afrobarometer study shows

A large majority of Mauritians commend the government’s handling of the response to the COVID-19 but about half also believe that resources allocated to the pandemic response were last or stolen, according to a new Afrobarometer survey.

Most Mauritians approve of the government’s response, even though they found it difficult to comply with lockdown and curfew restrictions. Despite this, they believe the measures – including school closures – were necessary to limit the spread of COVID-19.

French

AD427: Mauritians praise government’s COVID-19 response but suspect corruption, distrust politicians

The day after Mauritius recorded its first three cases of coronavirus in March 2020, the government closed the country’s borders and announced a nationwide lockdown (World Health Organization, 2020). Schools were closed, public transport services were limited, private vehicles were subject to police checks, and only those with work access permits were allowed to move around the island.
French

Majority of Sierra Leoneans want the country to finance its own development, but welcome loan conditions and international trade

A majority of Sierra Leoneans want their country to finance its own development even if this means they have to pay more in taxes, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

If the country receives external loans or development assistance, these should be tied to strict requirements about how the resources are used and to the promotion of democracy and human rights, a majority of citizens say.

French

AD426:With high prevalence of lived poverty, Ethiopians rate government’s economic performance as poor

Home to about 115 million people, Ethiopia is the second-most-populous nation in Africa and has one of the fastest-growing economies in the region. According to the World Bank (2020), Ethiopia’s economy experienced strong, broad-based growth averaging 9.8% a year from 2008/2009 to 2018/2019, with the share of the population living below the national poverty line declining from 38% to 24% over the same period.

French

#InternationalDayofDemocracy MPs are failing at the jobs that Sierra Leoneans want them to do

Most Sierra Leoneans say their members of Parliament (MPs) are ineffective, rarely visit or help their constituents, and are untrustworthy, a new Afrobarometer survey shows.

Survey respondents’ negative assessments add up to a scathing indictment of parliamentarian performance. While citizens want MPs to listen to their constituents, represent their needs, and deliver jobs and development to their communities, a majority of survey respondents say their MPs are ineffective at these tasks, as well as at making laws for the good of the country.

French

Kenyans support rule of law in governance, respect for the law and courts by the president

Kenyans overwhelmingly favour a government that follows the law even if it conflicts with the will of its supporters, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

The survey also finds strong support among Kenyans for respect of the law and courts by the president.

Only one in 10 citizens say a government that enjoys popular support “should be free to do whatever the people want, even if it is outside the law.”

French

WP175: Wartime educational loss and attitudes toward democratic institutions

How does civil war affect society and citizen interaction with politics? Civilians who live through warfare face numerous challenges that can have permanent effects on society even after peace is achieved.

This project uses the Liberian civil wars as a case study to examine the impact of war through one channel – disruptions in education for an entire generation of children. The paper shows that negative effects of war on education and economic outcomes clash with citizen expectations for post-war democracy, leading to negative consequences for the democratization process.

French

AD133: A second spring for democracy in post-Mubarak Egypt? Findings from Afrobarometer

DISPONIBLE SEULEMENT EN ANGLAIS.

In early 2016, five years after the beginning of the Arab Spring, the Economist (2016) reported that hopes raised by the uprisings had been destroyed. “The wells of despair are overflowing,” the newspaper said, the uprisings having brought “nothing but woe.” In addition to stagnant economic growth, rent-seeking was “rampant,” security forces continued to repress the population, and grounds were more fertile than ever for the emergence of radicals “who posit their own brutal vision of Islamic Utopia as the only solution.”

French

AD131: Weak support and limited participation hinder women’s political leadership in North Africa

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Politics is still largely a male domain. Gains in women’s political leadership have been real but not rapid (Ndlovu & Mutale, 2013). Globally, the share of national parliamentary seats held by women has nearly doubled over the past two decades, reaching 23% in 2016, but that still means that more than three out of four parliamentarians are men (UN Women, 2016a; World Bank, 2016a).

French

AD130: Zimbabweans demand accountability in governance, doubt efficacy of elections

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Accountability is often described as a cornerstone of good governance, but a more accurate image might be a whole wheelbarrow of building blocks – the president, government agencies, Parliament, the judiciary, opposition parties, the media, and voters all holding one another accountable to form a foundation for democracy.

French

AD129: En Guinée, l’intérêt à la vie politique est faible, mais la perception des libertés est forte

Depuis 1988, les Guinéens ont progressivement retrouvé leur liberté d’adhérer à toute organisation politique de leur choix et de voter pour leur candidat. En 1990, il y a eu la consécration de ces libertés dans la constitution. Par la suite, le Conseil Transitoire de Redressement National (CTRN) a élaboré des projets de loi qui devaient permettre la formation de partis politiques indépendants, la tenue d'élections nationales, et la liberté de la presse. Les partis politiques furent légalisés en 1992.

French

PP36: Les Africains veulent-ils encore de la démocratie?

A en juger par les titres qui font la une des médias, la démocratie semble être mise à rude épreuve partout par des leaders comme Vladimir Putin en Russie, Recep Tayyip Erdogan en Turquie, et Yoweri Museveni en Ouganda. Pourtant les sociologues savent qu'il y a souvent une disparité entre ce qui transparait des bulletins d'actualités ou des média sociaux et les tendances profondes et réelles. A titre d'exemple, l'intérêt médiatique aux guerres en Syrie et en Irak suggère une montée des conflits dans le monde.

French

WP168: Mesurer la démocratie en Afrique par l’approche de l’anchorage

Alors que les recherches sur les attitudes populaires envers la démocratie reposent souvent sur les autoévaluations subjectives pour évaluer le niveau de démocratie atteint par un pays, diverses compréhensions populaires du terme « démocratie » rendent problématique toute comparaison entre répondants, pays, ou continents. Une des voies empruntées pour essayer de résoudre ce manque de compréhension universelle est l’« anchorage » des autoévaluations avec un ensemble de vignettes décrivant les conditions politiques de pays fictifs.

French

Pages