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AD420: Liberians laud government’s COVID-19 response but claim unfair distribution of relief assistance

Liberia has won international praise for its response to the coronavirus (Front Page Africa, 2021). Perhaps drawing on its experience with the Ebola pandemic, the government moved early with measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, including screening at airports and a Special Presidential Advisory Committee on Coronavirus (SPACOC) set up months ahead of the first recorded case in the country.

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AD419: En Côte d’Ivoire, les changements climatiques sont moyennement connus mais beaucoup ressentis

D’après les recherches du Groupe d'Experts Intergouvernemental sur l'Evolution du Climat (2019, 2007), les changements climatiques s’accompagnent de nombreuses conséquences qui correspondent d’une part à des perturbations météorologiques comme l’élévation des températures et du niveau des mers, les pluies diluviennes, les tempêtes, et les sécheresses et d’autre part à des atteintes sur le fonctionnement des écosystèmes naturels, ainsi que les espèces qui sont inféodées. 

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AD418: Africans say governments aren’t doing enough to help youth

Addressing the needs of youth – for education, engagement, and livelihoods – has become a central tenet of global and continental policy discussions over the past decade. The African Youth Charter underscores the rights of youth to participate in political and decision- making processes and calls upon states to prepare them with the necessary skills to do so (African Union, 2006). The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consider youth essential partners for achieving inclusive and peaceful societies (United Nations, 2018).

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AD417: Elections in Uganda: A better mechanism for accountability than for representation?

Elections play a crucial role in every democratic system of government as a mechanism for producing a legislature that is representative of the policy preferences of the electorate (Thomassen, 2014), linking citizens’ priorities to the behavior of their policy makers (Powell, 2000). By the same logic, elections enable voters to select leaders and hold them accountable for their performance in office. In other words, the electoral process determines who should stay in office, who should be thrown out of office, and who should replace those who are thrown out (Harrop & Miller, 1987).

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AD416: En Côte d’Ivoire, la fourniture des services d’eau et d’assainissement demeure insuffisante

Le premier semestre 2018 en Côte d’Ivoire avait enregistré des cas de pénurie d’eau potable dans plusieurs localités dont Bouaké, Niakaramandougou, Ferkessédougou, Doropo, Odienné, et Tiéningboué (Konan, 2018). Pour endiguer ce problème, la Banque Mondiale avait apporté 5 milliards de FCFA à la Côte d’Ivoire afin de mener des actions d’urgence telles que les forages de puits (Tiémoko, 2018).

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AD415: Double standard? Ugandans see vote buying as ‘wrong and punishable,’ vote selling less so

Buying and selling votes is illegal in Uganda, punishable by up to three years in prison and/or a fine, according to the Parliamentary Elections Act (Government of Uganda, 2005). Analysts argue that voter bribery fosters a broader environment of corruption that impedes economic development, political accountability, and the provision of public goods (Stokes, 2005; Robinson & Verdier, 2013; Khemani, 2015).

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AD414: Au Mali, le chômage est un phénomène urbain, à visage jeune et éduqué

L'Organisation Internationale du Travail (2013) a défini des concepts clefs par rapport au marché du travail lors de sa 19ème Conférence Internationale des Statisticiens du Travail. Ce sont la population en âge de travailler, la main-d'œuvre, la population hors main-d'œuvre, la population en emploi, la population au chômage, et plusieurs autres indicateurs de sous- utilisation de la main-d'œuvre. Tous les indicateurs liés à ces concepts sont ici estimés sur les données d'enquêtes Afrobarometer de 2014-2020, enquêtes régulières et périodiques menées au Mali depuis 2001.

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AD413: Citizens endorse traditional leaders, see greater role in contemporary Lesotho

Studies on the role of traditional leaders in post-independence African societies show that they have remained relevant in most countries across the continent. Rather than wither in the face of Africa’s progression toward democracy, traditional leadership has continued to evolve and co-exist alongside modern institutions of governance that are associated with democracy (Logan, 2008).

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AD412: Des liens qui unissent? Des signes d'unité et de division dans 18 pays africains

En cette année de la COVID-19, la capacité des sociétés à œuvrer collectivement à la résolution des défis occupe une position centrale. En effet, le soutien et l'adhésion du public aux mesures de santé publique ont été mentionnés parmi les facteurs expliquant les taux de contamination et de mortalité bien plus faibles en Afrique comparativement à d'autres régions du monde (BBC, 2020).

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AD410: Espoirs et périls: Dans un paysage médiatique en mutation, les Africains ambivalents face aux réseaux sociaux mais opposés aux restrictions de l’accès

Le paysage médiatique africain change rapidement. Le recours régulier aux sources numériques d'information a presque doublé en cinq ans seulement, plus d'un tiers des répondants de 18 pays déclarant avoir recours à l'internet ou aux réseaux sociaux au moins quelques fois par semaine pour se tenir informés. Si la radio demeure le média de masse le plus populaire sur le continent en raison de son accessibilité et de sa portée, les médias numériques redéfinissent de manière remarquable le paysage de l'information et, par conséquent, la politique.

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AD408: Most Basotho say government bungled teacher strike, is failing on education and youth

Lesotho’s public school teachers were on intermittent strike for most of the 2019 academic year, working just one week per month (Ramolibeli, 2020). With the economy in the doldrums (Majoro, 2019), teachers pursued their protest action against the government, pressing for better salaries and working conditions, payment of salary arrears, and a restructuring of the teaching service (Segoete & Phakisi, 2019; Lesotho Times, 2019).

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AD407: Africans regard China’s influence as significant and positive, but slipping

Home to some of the world’s fastest-growing economies (Mitchell, 2019), Africa has attracted the attention of leaders and economic strategists everywhere, including China. Over the past two decades, political and economic relations between China and Africa have grown rapidly, with trade volumes increasing from about $11 billion in 2000 to $185 billion in 2018 (Amoah, Hodzi, & Castillo, 2020; China Africa Research Initiative, 2018).

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AD406: In Malawi, perceptions of China’s influence, though positive, are on the decline

China’s relationship with Africa, formalized in the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), has received considerable attention and debate. Critics consider it lopsided and exploitative, giving China access to natural resources, jobs for its labourers, and markets for its traders while undermining efforts to promote democracy and human rights on the continent, exacerbating corruption, and creating unsustainable debt (Green, 2019; Brautigam, 2010; Shinn & Brown, 2012; Albert, 2020). But others see it as more multifaceted with benefits for both sides (Mugabe, 2015; Brown, 2012).

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AD405: Insatisfaits de leur gouvernement, les jeunes sénégalais évoquent la recherche d’emploi comme principale raison d’émigrer

En une semaine en octobre 2020, au moins 200 personnes ont péri aux larges des côtes sénégalaises et mauritaniennes (Carretero, 2020). Les naufrages de pirogues quittant le Sénégal se succèdent. Selon l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM), 414 personnes ont péri en voulant regagner l’Europe depuis janvier dernier, et rien qu’en septembre, 14 bateaux transportant 663 migrants ont quitté le Sénégal (Carretero, 2020).

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AD403: Citizens’ negative perceptions of police extend well beyond Nigeria’s #EndSARS

With echoes of the Black Lives Matter movement in the United States, massive demonstrations against police brutality have recently rocked Nigeria (Busari, 2020; Obaji, 2020). Protests that initially focused on the notorious Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) have broadened to demands for systemic police reform (Amnesty International, 2020; Adegoke, 2020).

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AD402: Africans increasingly dissatisfied with government efforts on their top priority: jobs

Even in the best of times, unemployment is a major challenge for most African countries. The continent’s relatively robust economic growth over the past two decades has failed to translate into sustained employment gains and poverty reduction (Baah-Boateng, 2016). Adding about 3 million jobs a year will not come close to absorbing the 10-12 million people entering the labor market annually as the workforce grows more rapidly in Africa than in any other region (International Labour Organization, 2016; Yeboah & Jayne, 2016; African Development Bank Group, 2020).

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AD401: In Angola’s COVID-19 fight, trusted religious and traditional leaders, military can be allies

As Angola continues under a “situation of public calamity” to limit the spread of the coronavirus, reliable information remains an essential tool in the fight to protect the country. Despite early lockdowns, the number of confirmed infections in the country has climbed to more than 8,300, with more than 250 deaths, and restrictions on travel, gatherings, and businesses remain in effect, including a sanitary “fence” limiting movement in and out of Luanda, the pandemic’s epicenter in Angola (World Health Organization, 2020; Ministério da Saúde, 2020; O País, 2020).

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AD400: Most Ghanaians support gender fairness in political leadership, but women trail men in participation, digital access, asset ownership

Over the past three decades, Ghana has taken a variety of steps to promote gender equity. Its 1992 Constitution guarantees equality and freedom from discrimination (Government of Ghana, 1992). In 1998, Ghana began working on – but has still not passed – an Affirmative Action Bill that seeks to promote a progressive increase in active participation of women in the public bureaucracy to a parity of 50% by 2030.

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AD399: Fear and trust: Explaining professed popular trust in Zimbabwe’s presidents

Popular trust in public institutions and officials is an important indicator of political legitimacy, a key resource for the development and functioning of modern democracies (Freitag & Bühlmann, 2009; Chingwete, 2016; Mishler & Rose, 2001; Newton, 2001). However, some analysts argue that while trust is important in a democracy, citizens would be naïve if they didn’t have a certain level of distrust as well (van de Walle & Six, 2004).

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AD398: Les Burkinabè préoccupés par la situation économique et la direction du pays

En plus d’être confrontés à d’immenses défis sécuritaires et humanitaires depuis quelques années, les Burkinabè font face à une situation économique difficile. Même avant l’arrivée de la pandémie de la COVID-19, la croissance du produit intérieur brut (PIB) réel annuel du pays s’est ralentie en 2019, et le secteur agricole, qui emploie 80% de la population active, a été caractérisé par une campagne déficitaire en ce qui concerne la production céréalière (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie, 2019).

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AD397: Despite perceptions of gender equality, Africa’s rural women bear brunt of economic exclusion

Gender equality is both Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) No. 5 and a theme underpinning various other goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (United Nations, 2019). The agenda highlights the need for gender-equal access to education, ownership of resources, and engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs).

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AD395: With lived poverty on the rise, Nigerians rate government performance as poor

Sixty years after claiming its sovereign rights from the British, Nigeria is classified as a middle- income mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology, and entertainment sectors. Touted as Africa’s largest economy, it ranks as the 27th-largest economy in the world in terms of nominal gross domestic product and the 24th-largest in terms of purchasing power parity (World Bank, 2020a).

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AD393: De nombreux Tunisiens ont un accès inadéquat aux soins médicaux et à l'eau

En dépit de ses progrès en matière de démocratie, la Tunisie fait toujours face à une situation économique difficile et des taux élevés de chômage et d'inégalités (Diwan, 2019). Le pays, surtout ses régions intérieures, est également en proie au manque de fiabilité des services publics comme les soins médicaux et l'approvisionnement en eau – des difficultés particulièrement pertinentes face à la pandémie de la COVID-19.

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AD392: La démocratie guinéenne est-elle piégée?

Guinea has just adopted a new Constitution following the controversial referendum of March 22, 2020, which was coupled with legislative elections that led to the establishment of a new National Assembly. This double ballot was boycotted by a good number of Guineans. The new Constitution stipulates that the President of the Republic is elected for a six-year term, renewable once.

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AD390: Les institutions démocratiques ont-elles failli? Ivoiriens, Guinéens, et Sénégalais à l’épreuve des troisièmes mandats qu’ils rejettent

La Côte d’Ivoire, la Guinée, et le Sénégal ont en commun leur histoire d’anciennes colonies françaises. Ils partagent le Français comme langue officielle et ont des structures politiques et institutionnelles très similaires. Tous ces trois pays situés en Afrique de l’Ouest ont obtenu leurs indépendances dans une période de 18 mois en 1958-1960 (CNDP-CRDP, 2010).

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AD391: Les Gabonais demandent plus de liberté d’expression, mais pas pour critiquer le président

Le Gabon, pays démocratique depuis le début des années 1990, est comme bon nombre de pays africains dont la démocratie ne se limite parfois qu’à la simple tenue d’élections régulières. Pourtant nous savons que la force de la démocratie libérale réside dans le fait qu’elle donne au peuple ce à quoi il aspire le plus: la liberté (Diallo, 2011).

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AD387: Citizens offer bleak outlook on Malawi’s economy

Malawi is among the poorest countries in the world; about half of its population lives below the poverty line (United Nations Development Programme, 2019; National Statistical Office, 2017). Heavily dependent on agriculture, its economy is susceptible to climate and other shocks (World Bank, 2019). Although annual economic growth averaged 4% between 1971 and 2017, this growth fluctuated between a high of 14% in 1971 and a low of -11% in 1994 (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2019).

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AD389: Nigerian government doing a poor job on water/sanitation and health care, citizens say

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened problems that were already bedeviling Nigeria’s health system, including run-down or inadequate medical equipment, underpaid and unmotivated medical staff, and unequal access to health care (Andolu Agency, 2020; Pulse Nigeria, 2020). The World Health Organization has labeled Nigeria a human resources for health (HRH) crisis country (Global Health Workforce Alliance, 2020).

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