Gender equality

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Gender equality

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WP153: Do men and women have different policy preferences, and if so, why?

Gender quotas to increase women’s representation are often motivated by the assumption that men and women have different policy preferences. In Africa – where gender quotas have been particularly widespread – we find that gender differences in preferences are quite small on average, but vary significantly across both policy domains and countries. We propose a theoretical framework for differentiating policy domains where preference divergence indicates increased gender parity from those where it signifies growing inequality.

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BP147: Gender equality and the participation of women in public office in Swaziland

Despite major efforts over the past two decades to create equal opportunities for women to participate in politics and to increase female representation in government leadership in sub-Saharan Africa, women's inclusion continues to be a major challenge.According to the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Report 2013,the proportion of seats held by women in single or lower houses of national parliaments in sub-Saharan Africa increased by just 8 percentage points between 2000 and 2013, from 13% to 21%.

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BP131: Examining government and public officials’ accountability and responsiveness

This briefing paper assesses citizens’ perceptions of government and public officials’ accountability and responsiveness using the first Afrobarometer survey data collected in Sierra Leonean in 2012. This survey and analysis comes against a backdrop of a public outcry in response to poor financial management practices in key government agencies and departments as documented in the 2012 Auditor General’s Report.

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BP126: Are Malawian adults turning pink? Exploring public opinion on women’s political leadership

This briefing paper explores the opinions of Malawi an adults on women’s political leadership ability. Existing literature contends that people hold opinions in the form of “stereotypes” that have potentially negative implications for women candidates, especially when they are running for national office (Huddy and Terkildesen 1993, Braden 1996, Kahn 1996, Feehan 2006, Chilobwe 2011). Stereotypes reflect perceived rather than real traits of an individual (Huddy and Terkildesen 1993).

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BP16: Is There a political gender gap in Uganda?

Do men and women in Uganda think differntly about the political transition underway in their country?

At first glance, the Round 3 Afrobaromter survey of a random sample of 2400 adult Ugandans in April/May 2005 seems to reveal substantial gender gaps in public opinion on key political and constitutional questions. This brief paper reports the extent of, and trends in, these gaps. It also explores, in preliminary fashion, whether differences in opinion between men and women are due to gender or some other social characteristic, such as education. 

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WP58: The political gender gap in Africa: similar attitudes, different behaviors

Recent analysis by Ingelhart and Norris (2003) suggests that the observed gender gap between men and women in Western societies is shifting, from women being more conservative than men in ideology, electoral preference, and political attitudes (the “traditional gender gap”) to being more liberal (the “modern gender gap”). But the same analysis challenges whether this model of the links between gender and political preferences applies well in non-Western developing societies.

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PP8: Support for African women’s equality rises: Education, jobs and political participation still unequal

Afrobarometer's survey of more than 50,000 people in 34 countries  shows broad support for women's equality among both men and women, and widespread acceptance of women’s leadership capabilities.  But significant minorities disagree, and support for women as leaders is much weaker in North Africa.

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AD14: In Malawi, women lag in political participation; support for women’s leadership declines

Despite having been led by southern Africa’s first female president, Malawi has made little progress toward equal political participation by women, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey suggests. Women in Malawi remain less likely than men to engage in political activities, and public support for women’s leadership has declined.

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AD12: Basotho less supportive of women’s political leadership, opposed to traditional chieftain role

Basotho women still find it hard to attain leadership positions due to discriminatory cultural practices and laws, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey shows. Survey results also suggest that women are less active than men in community and political organising.

Support for women’s political leadership declined from 2012 to 2014, and even though two-thirds of women say that women should have the same chance as men of being elected to political office, a majority of women and men still support the law that allows only sons to succeed to chieftaincy in Lesotho.

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