Inadequate access to basic infrastructure and development services remains a key impediment to improving health, welfare, and security for many Africans. While large majorities have ready access to schools and cell-phone services, many Africans still do not enjoy adequate access to health clinics and police posts, as well as to electricity and water supply services, especially in rural areas. (Note: In this paper we use the term “access” to refer to the availability of services in a given area, without reference to the specific capacity of any individual or household to actually obtain the services.)
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