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AD101: Youth political engagement in South Africa: Beyond student protests

South Africa’s Youth Day 2016 (16 June) marks the 40th anniversary of the Soweto uprisings, during which thousands of high school students marched to protest the introduction of Afrikaans as a language of instruction in the public education system. The demonstrations proved to be a watershed in the fight against apartheid by bringing South African youth to the forefront of the liberation struggle (South African History Online, 2016).

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AD100: Threat of violent extremism from a ‘grassroots’ perspective: Evidence from North Africa

In June 2015, militants from the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) raided a beach hotel in Sousse, Tunisia, killing 38 people (CNN, 2015a). Four months later, ISIL claimed responsibility for the downing of a Russian airliner, with 224 fatalities, although the official cause remains undetermined (CNN, 2015b). Similarly, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) killed 18 people on the beaches of Grand Bassam in Côte d'Ivoire in March 2016, and days later attacked an oil and gas facility in southern Algeria (Al Jazeera, 2016).

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AD99: Les Nigériens approuvent l’efficacité de la réponse gouvernementale à l’extrémisme

Au Niger, la situation sécuritaire ces deux dernières années est prise en tenailles par le groupe djihadiste et terroriste Boko Haram installé à ses frontières. A plus de la moitié, les Nigériens se sentent exposés au risque des actions terroristes. En effet, selon le plus récent sondage d’Afrobaromètre, 59% des citoyens justifient l’exposition à une telle menace par la faible présence de l’état dans certaines parties du territoire.

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AD98: Les Nigériens adhèrent aux partis politiques, souhaitent une opposition coopérative

Only available in French.

La démocratie est un système politique dont l’émergence et la consolidation passent par la forte implication des formations politiques. En effet, le pluralisme des opinions et des partis politiques est une caractéristique fondamentale de la démocratie nigérienne car par de grandes majorités, les Nigériens rejettent le parti unique comme système de gouvernance et disent que plusieurs partis politiques sont nécessaires pour leur garantir le choix de ceux qui vont les gouverner.

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AD95: Les priorités des Gabonais: L’éducation, la santé, les infrastructures routières

Le développement des pays passe par une combinaison à la fois des plans nationaux et ceux des partenaires au développement. Si à ce jour les résultats des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD) restent discutables, les Nations Unies ont déjà adopté les nouveaux Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD), qui visent, entre autres, à éliminer la pauvreté, parvenir à la sécurité alimentaire, et garantir à tous une vie prospère et un accès équitable en eau, à une éducation de qualité, et à une énergie moins chère et fiable.

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AD94: La corruption au Cameroun: Perceptions publiques et moyens de lutte

This document is only availble in French.

Selon les citoyens camerounais, la corruption est un phénomène bien ancré dans l’administration publique ainsi que dans le secteur privé. Pire, près de la moitié des Camerounais affirment que le niveau de la corruption a augmenté pendant l’année écoulée, et la majorité trouvent inefficace la politique de lutte contre la corruption du gouvernement, y compris l’ « Opération Epervier ».

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AD91: Regional integration for Africa: Could stronger public support turn ‘rhetoric into reality’?

Regional integration has been a development strategy for Africa for decades. The African Economic Community’s founding treaty in 1991 provided a framework targeting full political and economic integration by 2019. Many African countries have signed on to foster political and economic cooperation.

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AD93: Most Swazis say free cross-border movement desirable but not yet a reality

As a result of its strong economic position on the continent, Southern Africa experiences high volumes of migration. Development and employment opportunities in the mining, manufacturing, and agricultural industries draw both skilled and unskilled labour. Southern Africa is also a springboard for regular and irregular migration to Europe and the Americas (International Organization for Migration, 2015).

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AD90: In South Africa, citizens’ trust in president, political institutions drops sharply

In assessing the health of democracies, it is impossible to ignore the concept of citizen trust in public institutions. Trust is a cornerstone of democratic legitimacy, triggering citizens’ willingness to contribute to a strong and robust democracy: Citizens who trust their government are more willing to listen and render support to government policies aimed at improving the country (Government Communication and Information System, 2014).

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AD89: As South Africa’s local elections approach, public confidence underpins system in turmoil

South Africa’s fourth democratic local government elections, in August 2016, will be a test for the long-ruling but troubled African National Congress (ANC), for opposition parties hoping to claim some major cities, for an Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) caught between court orders and logistical realities, and for local government councillors facing their constituents.

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AD87: Reaching for equality: Zimbabweans endorse gender equity in politics but say citizens treated unequally before the law

Equality is a principle enshrined in Zimbabwe’s Constitution and legal system, which seek to guarantee both gender equity and equal treatment for all – regardless of class, religion, or race – before the law. According to Section 3(1) of the Constitution, “recognition of the equality of all human beings” is one of the country’s founding principles.

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AD86: Beyond ‘no-party’ system: Ugandans support multiparty politics, but trust in opposition weakens

Multiparty politics has had an uphill struggle in Uganda, marked by a 19-year ban on party competition from 1986 to 2005. Voters overwhelmingly reinforced the “no-party system” in a 2000 referendum, then reversed themselves in a 2005 referendum that opened the field to political challengers.

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AD85: Strong public support for ‘watchdog’ role backs African news media under attack

More than 100 journalists have fled tiny Burundi to escape repression and danger, according to Reporters Without Borders – a dramatic illustration of the impact of a “deep and disturbing decline in respect for media freedom at both the global and regional levels” (Reporters Without Borders, 2016).

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AD84: South Africans generally tolerant but report racial discrimination by employers and courts

2016 is a landmark year in South Africa’s nation-building process. April 15 marked the 20th anniversary of the first hearings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which sought “to provide for the investigation and the establishment of as complete a picture as possible of the nature, causes and extent of gross violations of human rights” committed during apartheid (Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, 2009).

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AD83: Despite decline in lived poverty, South Africans increasingly pessimistic about the economy

Considering the barrage of bad economic news to which South Africans have been subjected, perhaps the most remarkable aspect of 2015 Afrobarometer survey findings on the economy is that on a personal level, citizens seem to be doing slightly better.

To be sure, South Africans are increasingly pessimistic about their national economy: Compared to 2011, more citizens say the country’s economic situation is bad, conditions are worse than a year ago and not likely to improve over the next 12 months, and the country is headed in the wrong direction.

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AD82: Post-1994 South Africa better than apartheid, but few gains in socioeconomic conditions

Since South Africa’s transition from apartheid to democracy in 1994, the government’s development plans have focused on redressing racial inequalities in socioeconomic outcomes. The National Development Plan 2030 highlights broadened access to education and other essential services, along with rising incomes, as indicators of the country’s “remarkable progress” over the past two decades: “In nearly every facet of life, advances are being made in building an inclusive society, rolling back the shadow of history and broadening opportunities for all” (National Planning Commission, 2013, p.

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AD81: Lutte contre la corruption au Niger: La désapprobation des citoyens augmente

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH.

Le Niger, à l’instar de bien de pays africains, n’échappe pas au phénomène de la corruption. Chaque jour, les citoyens, dans la demande des services de base (l’acquisition des services d’eau, d’assainissement, et d’électricité) ou encore lorsqu’ils ont recours à l’assistance de la police ou du tribunal, y sont constamment confrontés.

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AD80: Au Sénégal, la pauvreté vécue est en recul

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH.

Bien que la pauvreté monétaire n’épargne aucune catégorie sociale, la proportion de Sénégalais qui ne parviennent pas à satisfaire leurs besoins de base est en baisse depuis 2008, selon l’enquête organisée par Afrobaromètre au Sénégal en novembre-décembre 2014. Ce recul de la « pauvreté vécue » pourrait être corrélé avec la perception par les Sénégalais de l’amélioration de la situation économique du pays  en général et de leurs conditions de vie en particulier.

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AD77: Fighting corruption in Uganda: Despite small gains, citizens pessimistic about their role

Uganda’s widespread corruption is highlighted in the country’s poor ranking (139th out of 167 countries) in the Corruption Perceptions Index as well as in the recent Africa edition of the Global Corruption Barometer (Transparency International, 2015a, b). Pernicious effects stretch from substandard public services through elections and the judiciary to stunted economic development. In 2012, four in 10 respondents (41%) in an Afrobarometer survey reported that they had been offered money or a gift in return for their votes during the 2011 elections.

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AD76: Lack of safe water, sanitation spurs growing dissatisfaction with government performance

If water is fundamental to life and human dignity, no issue is more pressing for 663 million people for whom access is still lacking (United Nations, 2015). As World Water Day (March 22) reminds us, safe and readily available water is a human right and an important contributor to public health, whether it is used for drinking, washing, food production, or recreational purposes.

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AD75: Off-grid or ‘off-on’: Lack of access, unreliable electricity supply still plague majority of Africans

Rolling blackouts may make headlines; a complete lack of electricity infrastructure usually doesn’t. Both are part of Africa’s electricity deficit, a major obstacle to human and socioeconomic development with pernicious effects on health (think of clinics without lifesaving equipment and refrigerated drugs and vaccines), education, security, and business growth.

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AD74: Bons vizinhos? Africanos expressam elevados níveis de tolerância para muitos, mas não para todos

Os académicos têm argumentado que a tolerância é "a endorfina do corpo político democrático," essencial para o livre intercâmbio político e cultural (Gibson & Gouws, 2005, p. 6). Seligson e Morino-Morales (2010, p. 37) reflectem esta opinião quando afirmam que uma democracia sem tolerância pelos membros de outros grupos é "fatalmente imperfeita.”

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