Dispatches

Subscribe to RSS - Dispatches

Dispatches

English

AD110: Les Guinéens désapprouvent la gestion des problèmes prioritaires par le gouvernement

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH.

En lançant ses objectifs de développement durable (ODDs), l’Organisation des Nations Unies relève que la mise en oeuvre de son nouveau programme exigera la participation de « tous les pays, toutes les parties prenantes et tous les peuples », en tenant compte « des réalités, capacités et niveaux de développement de chacun et dans le respect des priorités et politiques nationales » (Organisation des Nations Unies, 2015, pp. 2-3).

English

AD113: Zimbabweans strongly favour free cross-border movement but hold mixed views of SADC

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) counts among its 15 member states1 the region’s richest country (South Africa) as well as some of its poorest; landlocked as well as island states; and states with some of the largest populations in Africa (the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)) as well as some of the smallest (Seychelles).

English

AD112: Do trustworthy institutions matter for development? Corruption, trust, and government performance in Africa

In a memorable address to the Ghanaian Parliament on July 11, 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama asserted that “Africa doesn't need strongmen; it needs strong institutions.” He went on to refer to “strong parliaments, honest police forces, (and) independent judges” as institutions that help to ensure that governments “respect the will of their own people (and) govern by consent and not coercion.” Citing good governance as a key to prosperity, he added: “This is about more than just holding elections. It's also about what happens between elections.”

English

AD109: Malgré un recul de la pauvreté, les Guinéens décrivent mal leurs conditions de vie

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH.

L’amélioration des conditions de vie des populations passe nécessairement par un meilleur accès aux premières nécessités et la mise en place des stratégies pouvant permettre de réduire efficacement la pauvreté. C’est dans ce cadre que les gouvernements qui ont succédé à la tête de la Guinée ont conçu et mis en oeuvre des axes stratégiques de réduction de la pauvreté depuis 2002.

English

AD108: Zimbabweans support free media as watchdog, question media’s effectiveness and integrity

Although Zimbabwe’s Constitution explicitly stipulates that every citizen is entitled to “freedom of the media,” press freedom has had a tenuous existence in Zimbabwe. While recent decades have not seen the direct censorship common before independence (Press Reference, 2016), the public's right to free and unfettered information has suffered from government interference with the print and broadcast media, harassment and arrests of journalists, self-censorship by editors, and media laws that are widely viewed as impeding media freedom (Mudadigwa, 2016).

English

AD107: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned democrats? Support for electoral law reforms in Uganda

Reform of electoral laws has been a mainstay of political discourse in Uganda for two decades. Since the issue came to the fore following the 1996 general elections, stakeholders on all sides – opposition political parties, civil-society organisations, election observer missions, government, and the Electoral Commission (EC) – have called for reform to ensure free and fair elections (International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 1996; Citizens’ Coalition for Electoral Democracy in Uganda, 2013a).

English

AD105: Citizen response points to appreciation, challenges of Kenya’s devolved governance

The promulgation of Kenya’s Constitution in 2010 and the ushering in of county governments in 2013 generated high public expectations of efficient service delivery without much consideration of the complexity of such a transition in governance. Kenya’s devolution involves both political and administrative changes, requiring the national government and counties to collaborate in building a new political culture and leadership, with citizens as the pillar of reflexive governance. If that pillar is weak, the form of governance that Kenya has embraced is threatened.

English

AD104: Les Camerounais se sentent libres, mais ils critiquent le fonctionnement de leur démocratie

Si la démocratie est fondé sur le principe que la souveraineté appartient aux citoyens, parler du fonctionnement de la démocratie au Cameroun, c’est analyser la perception que les Camerounais ont de la manière dont la démocratie est pratiquée dans leur pays.

English

AD101: Youth political engagement in South Africa: Beyond student protests

South Africa’s Youth Day 2016 (16 June) marks the 40th anniversary of the Soweto uprisings, during which thousands of high school students marched to protest the introduction of Afrikaans as a language of instruction in the public education system. The demonstrations proved to be a watershed in the fight against apartheid by bringing South African youth to the forefront of the liberation struggle (South African History Online, 2016).

English

AD100: Threat of violent extremism from a ‘grassroots’ perspective: Evidence from North Africa

In June 2015, militants from the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) raided a beach hotel in Sousse, Tunisia, killing 38 people (CNN, 2015a). Four months later, ISIL claimed responsibility for the downing of a Russian airliner, with 224 fatalities, although the official cause remains undetermined (CNN, 2015b). Similarly, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) killed 18 people on the beaches of Grand Bassam in Côte d'Ivoire in March 2016, and days later attacked an oil and gas facility in southern Algeria (Al Jazeera, 2016).

English

AD99: Les Nigériens approuvent l’efficacité de la réponse gouvernementale à l’extrémisme

Au Niger, la situation sécuritaire ces deux dernières années est prise en tenailles par le groupe djihadiste et terroriste Boko Haram installé à ses frontières. A plus de la moitié, les Nigériens se sentent exposés au risque des actions terroristes. En effet, selon le plus récent sondage d’Afrobaromètre, 59% des citoyens justifient l’exposition à une telle menace par la faible présence de l’état dans certaines parties du territoire.

English

AD98: Les Nigériens adhèrent aux partis politiques, souhaitent une opposition coopérative

Only available in French.

La démocratie est un système politique dont l’émergence et la consolidation passent par la forte implication des formations politiques. En effet, le pluralisme des opinions et des partis politiques est une caractéristique fondamentale de la démocratie nigérienne car par de grandes majorités, les Nigériens rejettent le parti unique comme système de gouvernance et disent que plusieurs partis politiques sont nécessaires pour leur garantir le choix de ceux qui vont les gouverner.

English

AD95: Les priorités des Gabonais: L’éducation, la santé, les infrastructures routières

Le développement des pays passe par une combinaison à la fois des plans nationaux et ceux des partenaires au développement. Si à ce jour les résultats des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD) restent discutables, les Nations Unies ont déjà adopté les nouveaux Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD), qui visent, entre autres, à éliminer la pauvreté, parvenir à la sécurité alimentaire, et garantir à tous une vie prospère et un accès équitable en eau, à une éducation de qualité, et à une énergie moins chère et fiable.

English

AD94: La corruption au Cameroun: Perceptions publiques et moyens de lutte

This document is only availble in French.

Selon les citoyens camerounais, la corruption est un phénomène bien ancré dans l’administration publique ainsi que dans le secteur privé. Pire, près de la moitié des Camerounais affirment que le niveau de la corruption a augmenté pendant l’année écoulée, et la majorité trouvent inefficace la politique de lutte contre la corruption du gouvernement, y compris l’ « Opération Epervier ».

English

AD91: Regional integration for Africa: Could stronger public support turn ‘rhetoric into reality’?

Regional integration has been a development strategy for Africa for decades. The African Economic Community’s founding treaty in 1991 provided a framework targeting full political and economic integration by 2019. Many African countries have signed on to foster political and economic cooperation.

English

AD93: Most Swazis say free cross-border movement desirable but not yet a reality

As a result of its strong economic position on the continent, Southern Africa experiences high volumes of migration. Development and employment opportunities in the mining, manufacturing, and agricultural industries draw both skilled and unskilled labour. Southern Africa is also a springboard for regular and irregular migration to Europe and the Americas (International Organization for Migration, 2015).

English

AD90: In South Africa, citizens’ trust in president, political institutions drops sharply

In assessing the health of democracies, it is impossible to ignore the concept of citizen trust in public institutions. Trust is a cornerstone of democratic legitimacy, triggering citizens’ willingness to contribute to a strong and robust democracy: Citizens who trust their government are more willing to listen and render support to government policies aimed at improving the country (Government Communication and Information System, 2014).

English

AD89: As South Africa’s local elections approach, public confidence underpins system in turmoil

South Africa’s fourth democratic local government elections, in August 2016, will be a test for the long-ruling but troubled African National Congress (ANC), for opposition parties hoping to claim some major cities, for an Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) caught between court orders and logistical realities, and for local government councillors facing their constituents.

English

AD87: Reaching for equality: Zimbabweans endorse gender equity in politics but say citizens treated unequally before the law

Equality is a principle enshrined in Zimbabwe’s Constitution and legal system, which seek to guarantee both gender equity and equal treatment for all – regardless of class, religion, or race – before the law. According to Section 3(1) of the Constitution, “recognition of the equality of all human beings” is one of the country’s founding principles.

English

AD86: Beyond ‘no-party’ system: Ugandans support multiparty politics, but trust in opposition weakens

Multiparty politics has had an uphill struggle in Uganda, marked by a 19-year ban on party competition from 1986 to 2005. Voters overwhelmingly reinforced the “no-party system” in a 2000 referendum, then reversed themselves in a 2005 referendum that opened the field to political challengers.

English

AD85: Strong public support for ‘watchdog’ role backs African news media under attack

More than 100 journalists have fled tiny Burundi to escape repression and danger, according to Reporters Without Borders – a dramatic illustration of the impact of a “deep and disturbing decline in respect for media freedom at both the global and regional levels” (Reporters Without Borders, 2016).

English

AD84: South Africans generally tolerant but report racial discrimination by employers and courts

2016 is a landmark year in South Africa’s nation-building process. April 15 marked the 20th anniversary of the first hearings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which sought “to provide for the investigation and the establishment of as complete a picture as possible of the nature, causes and extent of gross violations of human rights” committed during apartheid (Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, 2009).

English

Pages