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AD316: São Toméans support taxes but don’t trust tax officials

While tax revenues are a critical part of financing government services, many developing countries face obstacles in implementing effective and efficient tax systems (Tanzi & Zee, 2000). Direct taxes, such as personal income taxes, are particularly difficult to administer as they require complex processes and structures to identify taxpayers and facilitate and enforce compliance (Kangave, 2005). Given these difficulties, many developing countries rely heavily on consumption taxes that cannot be evaded even by those in the informal sector.

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AD314: La violence politique a encore le vent en poupe en Guinée

La violence est l’utilisation de la force physique ou psychologique pour contraindre, dominer, causer des dommages ou la mort. Elle peut provenir d’une incompréhension, de l’ivresse ou de la drogue, d’une agression à domicile ou dans la rue, d’un extrémisme politique ou religieux – les circonstances et les ca uses de la violence sont légion.

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AD313: Les milieux d’affaires et politique vus comme le siège d’une corruption croissante au Niger

Le phénomène de la corruption est assez ancré au Niger, à en croire Transparency International (2018), qui classe le pays 114ème sur 180 pays. Face à ce fléau, la Haute Autorité de Lutte Contre la Corruption et les Infractions Assimilées (HALCIA) a été mise sur pied en 2011. Mais malgré ce mécanisme, la corruption gangrène encore le pays, avec 62% des Nigériens qui pensent qu’elle a augmenté, selon la plus récente enquête Afrobaromètre effectuée dans le pays.

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AD312: Beaucoup de Sénégalais rêvent d’ailleurs pour de meilleures conditions de vie

La décennie qui s’achève a été le théâtre d’un des fléaux les plus cruels de notre ère. Les migrations, expression qui renvoyait aux mouvements majoritairement libres des hommes sur l’ensemble du globe, font davantage référence aujourd’hui à des mouvements contraints. Des contraintes qui trouvent leur source dans des situations économiques précaires, des catastrophes naturelles, des conflits.

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AD311: Ugandans commend their government’s performance in bridging the gender gap

Bridging gender gaps is a global priority, embodied in the United Nations (2019) Sustainable Development Goal No. 5: “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.” Its importance is underscored by the insight that countries cannot develop their full potential if gender inequality prevents women from fully engaging in political and socio-economic activities (Gabola et al., 2018; Churchill, Nuhu, & Lopez, 2018).

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AD310: In Togo, inadequate health services feed growing dissatisfaction with government performance

Despite significant gains on basic health indicators, Togo’s health system remains fragile (Africa Renewal, 2010). Periodic disruptions became particularly trying for the public during a 2018 strike when even essential services were unavailable (Tounou-Akué, 2018; L-frii, 2018; alome.com, 2018; VOA, 2018; Kamako, 2018). Striking health-care workers have sought better working conditions and technical platforms as well as better salaries (Republicoftogo.com, 2018; lomeinfos.com, 2018).

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AD309: Election fatigue? Half of Basotho want a different way to choose leaders

Transparent, free, and fair elections are a cornerstone of a functioning democracy. But can there be too much of a good thing?

Lesotho has had three general elections in the past six years (in 2012, 2015, and 2017). Each failed to produce an outright winner and resulted in a coalition government. During the same period, the number of parties contesting elections grew sharply while voter turnout decreased.

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AD308: La gouvernance économique: Une perception positive des Sénégalais sur l’orientation et l’avenir du pays

Que pensent les Sénégalais de la gouvernance économique de leur pays? Quels en sont les points forts et les points faibles? Les Sénégalais perçoivent différemment la gouvernance économique du pays bien qu’ils y portent beaucoup d’optimisme. Il existe encore des inégalités liées à la zone de résidence, indique le plus récent sondage Afrobaromètre.

Selon l'enquête, malgré le fort taux des citoyens qui pensent que l’orientation économique du pays est dans la bonne direction, certaines zones peinent à accéder aux services sociaux. Elles sont plus confrontées aux manques.

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AD307: Young and educated Ugandans are most likely to consider emigration

Migration has marked Uganda as a country of destination and transit as well as of origin. Responding to political violence, economic problems, and humanitarian crises both within its borders and in South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and other neighbouring countries, migrants and refugees have traveled to, through, and out of Uganda in large numbers over the years. As of April 2018, estimates of refugees living in Uganda stood at about 1.4 million – more than any other African country.

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AD306: With lived poverty on the rise, Guineans grow pessimistic, critical of government performance

Despite their country’s tremendous reserves of bauxite, iron ore, gold, and diamonds, 55% of Guineans live under the poverty line. Growth in the mining sector has not trickled down to average citizens, many of whom face a dearth of jobs, frequent power cuts, and inadequate supplies of drinking water (Republic of Guinea, 2017). Government efforts, over the past five years, to curtail public spending, improve budget management, and enhance economic growth have not produced lower living costs, and public frustration is growing (United Nations Development Programme, 2019).

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AD305: For Senegalese women, advancement is real but uneven

The political, economic, and social inequality of women in Africa has fueled significant international discourse since the 1950s, when the United Nations (UN) began interrogating the effects of harmful traditional practices on women across the continent. Human-rights groups have attempted to put pressure on African governments to promote women’s access to education, health care, economic opportunities, and participation in governance and politics (Murungu, 2017). UN member states made the promotion of gender equality and women’s empowerment their Sustainable Development Goal No.

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AD303: Most Ugandans see worsening drought, say climate change is making life worse

The threat that climate change represents for Uganda and its economic development has been documented for years (Hepworth & Goulden, 2009; Tol, 2009). The Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative Index (2019) ranks Uganda as the 15th-most-vulnerable country in the world to climate change, and the 49th-least-prepared country to combat its effects.

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AD302: Les Malgaches déplorent l’ampleur de la corruption, mais craignent de la signaler

La corruption freine le développement économique et démocratique, et à Madagascar elle est présente autant dans la sphère politique que dans les services publics. C’est pourquoi, depuis 2004, le pays s’est engagé dans la lutte contre la corruption en se dotant de plusieurs institutions comme le Bureau Indépendant Anti-Corruption (BIANCO), le Service de Renseignement Financier de Madagascar (SAMIFIN), le Comité pour la Sauvegarde de l’Intégrité (CSI), et le Pôle Anti-Corruption (PAC).

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AD301: Les conditions économiques du Niger se détériorent et rendent les citoyens pessimistes

La situation économique du Niger a connu des variations dont l’impact s’est ressenti sur les conditions de vie des citoyens. De 2012 à 2016, le taux de croissance de l’économie nigérienne est passé de 11,8% à 5% avec un taux moyen de 6,7%. Ce taux est proche du niveau de 7% jugé nécessaire pour permettre un essor réel de l’économie nigérienne et réduire significativement le niveau de pauvreté (République du Niger, 2017).

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AD300: Security concerns decrease, but most Tunisians would trade some freedoms for greater security

Since its democratic revolution in 2010/2011, a number of violent attacks have disrupted Tunisia’s traditional tranquillity. Two political assassinations in 2013 (Al Jazeera, 2013) were followed in 2015 by Islamic State (ISIL) attacks at the Bardo Museum, a Sousse beach resort, and downtown Tunis, killing 72 people (BBC News, 2017). In 2016, ISIL fighters seeking to establish an “emirate” in southern Tunisia killed 18 security-service members and civilians before being repulsed (Arab Weekly, 2019).

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AD299: Au Sénégal, les ressources souterraines suscitent de l’espoir et des inquiétudes

Le Sénégal a enregistré entre 2014 et 2016 une série de découvertes des ressources pétrolières et gazières au large de ses cotes. Ces vagues de nouvelles ont suscitées un engouement du côté des politiques mais aussi des populations. Au-delà des passions suscitées par cette question, il est particulièrement important de connaitre l’opinion de la population sur les conséquences aussi réjouissantes que dangereuses qui peuvent en résulter.  En effet, les rapports entre l’expansion de ressources naturelles et la bonne gouvernance revêtent deux facettes.

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AD298: Le soutien à la liberté des médias recule en Guinée

Le paysage médiatique guinéen a tardé à se structurer. La libéralisation des ondes n’a eu lieu que récemment et s’est déroulée dans un contexte politique très instable et souvent violent. Dans cet environnement, qui a impacté la situation économique du pays, le secteur médiatique tente de se développer afin de rattraper son retard structurel, technologique, et institutionnel.

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AD297: Ciclones aumentam os desafios de saúde pública em Moçambique

Depois de dois ciclones deixando morte e devastação em seu rastro (eNCA, 2019a; 2019b), Moçambique enfrenta um perigo pós-desastre – a cólera. Embora endêmicas em Moçambique, as infeções por cólera dispararam após as recentes tempestades, levando o Ministério da Saúde e parceiros internacionais a lançar campanhas maciças de vacinação (Organização Mundial da Saúde, 2019a; Mbah, 2019).

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AD297: Cyclones add to Mozambique’s public health challenges

After two cyclones leaving death and devastation in their wake (eNCA, 2019a; 2019b), Mozambique faces a post-disaster danger – cholera. While endemic to Mozambique, cholera infections skyrocketed after the recent storms, leading the Ministry of Health and international partners to launch massive vaccination campaigns (World Health Organization, 2019a; Mbah, 2019). 

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AD294: Se faire justice soi-même, une solution par défaut à Madagascar?

Un phénomène rare avant la crise politique de 2009, la pratique de la vindicte populaire semble augmenter à Madagascar. Du Nord au Sud, de nombreuses régions sont concernées par la volonté de la population elle-même de punir des agressions sexuelles, des dahalo (bandits), des vols à la tire, et autres délits. Des cas remarquables ont montré que le lynchage peut s’abattre sur n’importe quel individu lambda soupçonné d’avoir commis un délit (Madagascar Matin, 2016; Mada-actus.info, 2018).

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AD293: For Sudanese, deep economic discontent underpins mass movement for change

Sudan’s mass protests that ended the 30-rule of President Omar al-Bashir in April started last December with citizens unhappy about the high price of food (BBC News, 2019a).

And while the protest movement grew beyond its initial economic agenda to demand fundamental political change, one certainty amid the dramatic events in Khartoum is that the country’s deep-seated economic problems will still be awaiting solutions by whichever military or civilian leadership take up the reins.

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AD292: Small improvements, not yet a ‘new dawn’: South Africans still see high levels of corruption

In his first State of the Nation Address, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa (2018) announced “a new dawn” signaling the end of “all the negativity that has dogged our country,” including perceptions of widespread corruption under his predecessor, Jacob Zuma.

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AD291: Limites da igualdade de género: Os Moçambicanos pobres e com menos escolaridade têm menos probabilidade de ver melhorias

A igualdade de género está consagrada na Constituição de Moçambique e é promovida através da sua participação em convenções e tratados internacionais assim como no seu Código da Família de 2004, o qual requer igualdade na propriedade e legislação familiar, incluindo a partilha dos bens no casamento (Federação Internacional para os Direitos Humanos; ONU Mulheres, 2012).

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AD291: Limits of gender equality: Poor, uneducated Mozambicans less likely to see improvement

Gender equality is enshrined in Mozambique’s Constitution and promoted through its participation in international conventions and treaties as well as its 2004 Family Code, which requires equality in property and family law, including sharing of assets within marriage (International Federation for Human Rights, 2007; UN Women, 2012).

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AD290: Better but not good enough? How Africans see the delivery of public services

Africa has long been characterized as a continent of strong societies and weak states (Migdal, 1988; Chickering & Haley, 2007; Henn, 2016). This image suggests that, compared to an informal sector rich in networks of self-help, mutual aid, and private entrepreneurship, public sector institutions are ineffective at getting things done. As a set of formal structures imported during colonial rule, the centralized state for decades remained “suspended in mid-air” – that is, above society – with limited aptitude to address the everyday needs of ordinary Africans (Hyden, 1983; Boone, 2006).

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