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AD373: La nouvelle CEI et le pari d’une élection présidentielle juste et apaisée en Côte d’Ivoire

L’élection présidentielle approche en Côte d’Ivoire au moment où plusieurs leaders politiques ont des démêlés avec la justice. Avec certains leaders de l’opposition en exil ou emprisonnés, on risque fort de voir le microcosme politique continuer de se radicaliser dans les semaines et mois à venir. La libération de l’ex-Président Laurent Gbagbo et de son collaborateur Charles Blé Goudé, président du Congrès Panafricain des Jeunes Patriotes, suggèrent un renouveau dans la compétition politique.

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AD372: Are South Africans giving up on democracy?

Well into its third decade of democracy, South Africa entered 2020 with a limp. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic and its shutdowns began making most things worse (Roux, 2020), the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture, also known as the Zondo Commission, was investigating large-scale corruption in government and private companies (Southhall, 2019). Lack of popular trust in the Public Protector, whose reports have been frequently contested in court, reached epic proportions as Parliament began steps to have her removed from office (Gerber, 2020).

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AD371: Limited Internet access in Zimbabwe a major hurdle for remote learning during pandemic

An estimated 1.59 billion students in 194 countries, or 91.3% of the world’s student population, have been affected by school closures as a result of the COVD-19 pandemic (UNESCO, 2020). That includes 297 million students across the African continent and 4.13 million in Zimbabwe. With support from the World Bank and others, countries are trying to keep education going through remote learning via radio, television, the Internet, and social media (Kuwonu, 2020; World Bank, 2020).

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AD370: In Mozambique, strong regional differences mark fear of extremist and election violence

Although Mozambique’s civil war ended in 1992, violence flared again in 2013 when the opposition RENAMO party renewed its insurgency against the FRELIMO government. Both sides stand accused of war crimes in a conflict whose death toll analysts estimate at near 1 million (France24, 2019). A peace agreed in August 2019 remains tentative as a small number of RENAMO rebels have vowed not to lay down their weapons (Mail & Guardian, 2019).

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AD370: Em Moçambique, fortes diferenças regionais marcam o medo da violência extremista e eleitoral

Embora a guerra civil de Moçambique tenha terminado em 1992, a violência voltou a explodir em 2013, quando o partido da oposição, RENAMO, renovou sua insurgência contra o governo da FRELIMO. Ambos os lados são acusados de crimes de guerra em um conflito cujos analistas do número de mortos estimam em cerca de 1 milhão (France24, 2019). Uma paz acordada em Agosto de 2019 permanece provisória, pois um pequeno número de rebeldes da RENAMO prometeu não depor suas armas (Mail & Guardian, 2019).

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AD367: Radio tops Zimbabweans’ news sources – except for ‘other people’

In a crisis, the ability to disseminate information rapidly and effectively can be a matter of life and death. During the COVID-19 pandemic, accurate, timely, and trusted information about the number of cases, ways to prevent infection, government curfew and lockdown orders, and reasons why they’re important can help reduce transmission, dispel rumors, prevent panic, limit the use of dangerous quack “treatments,” facilitate planning for a stay-at-home period, and improve compliance, ultimately reducing the impact of the virus.

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AD366: Ghanaians see pros, cons of social media, want access but not fake news

Like many other countries, Ghana has been grappling with its share of fake news about COVID-19. On the one hand, rumors that the “foreign disease” targets only whites and the affluent heighten nonchalant attitudes toward fighting the disease. On the other hand, scaremongering, prescription of various local remedies, and false case counts create confusion and undermine public education efforts.

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AD364: South Africans support social grants, but say work at any wage beats unemployment

In South Africa, “social grants” providing income support to poor households have a long history. More than 17 million citizens, almost one-third of the population, receive a cash transfer from the state each month (South African Social Security Agency, 2019). The largest social grant programs are the Child Support Grant (CSG), the Old Age Pension (OAP), and the Disability Grant. All target low-income households (Zembe-Mkabile, 2017).

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AD363: Malawians’ voting intentions point to a closely contested presidential election

 
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AD362: ‘All in this together’: Africans tolerant on ethnic, religious, national, but not sexual differences

“We’re all in this together” is a mantra of the COVID-19 crisis as leaders and activists argue for global and all-of-society responses to the pandemic (e.g. World Health Organization, 2020; African Union, 2020). At the same time, public fears have highlighted social fissures through acts of intolerance and violence against Chinese people, citizens of Asian descent in many countries, and even Africans in China (e.g. DW, 2020; Guy, 2020; Kandil, 2020; Al Jazeera, 2020).

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AD361: Poursuite des cours par télévision, radio, et Internet pendant la pandémie du COVID-19: Atouts et contraintes au Togo

Dans le but d’éviter une propagation exponentielle de la maladie à coronavirus sur le continent africain, la plupart des états ont mis en place différentes dispositions, y compris la fermeture des centres éducatifs (RepublicofTogo.com, 2020; Burns, 2020; Gamba, 2020). Au Togo comme dans d’autres pays, tous les établissements scolaires et universitaires, tous les centres de formation publics, privés, laïcs, et confessionnels sont fermés jusqu’à nouvel ordre (Portail Officiel de la République Togolaise, 2020; BBC News, 2020; van Fleet, 2020; Le Monde, 2020).

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AD360: Half of South Africans would refuse asylum, bar foreign workers, place refugees in camps

Every few years, since 2008, South Africa is rocked by xenophobic violence. Houses are burnt, shops are looted, and people are killed, injured, or forced out of their homes and communities. This violence usually erupts under the pretext that foreigners take opportunities from South Africans.

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AD359: Les Ivoiriens demandent des efforts intensifiés pour améliorer les services de santé

« L’accès à des soins de santé de qualité et leur disponibilité sur l’ensemble du territoire demeure des impératifs-clés pour améliorer [l’Indice de Développement Humain] de la Côte d’Ivoire. L’équité dans ce domaine est aussi un défi à relever », peut-on lire dans le Plan National de Développement 2016-2020 (Ministère du Plan et du Développement, 2016).

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AD358: COVID-19 lockdown in South Africa highlights unequal access to services

The COVID-19 pandemic has placed unprecedented pressures on governments, economies, and families, posing what many observers consider the largest global peace-time challenge since the Great Depression a century ago (Goodman, 2020; Rogoff, 2020). In South Africa, the government moved swiftly after the first confirmed case of COVID-19 was recorded on 5 March (Mkhize, 2020), turning away arrivals from countries considered high risk (Fabricius & du Plessis, 2020).

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AD357: Cash shortages pose a threat to Zimbabwe’s fight against COVID-19

Zimbabwe has been on lockdown since March 30 to inhibit the spread of the new coronavirus,1 though the mining and manufacturing sectors have reopened under rules set by the World Health Organization and public health authorities (Mugabe, 2020). To help “vulnerable groups,” the government announced it had set aside $600 million for cash transfers to 1 million households and support to small businesses over the next three months (Kubatana.net, 2020).

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AD356: Malawians see inequalities but say federalism is not the answer

In September 2019, a bill was tabled in Malawi Parliament proposing a constitutional change from a unitary to a federal system of government (Nyale, 2019). The bill was referred to the Legal Affairs Committee of the House for further scrutiny and is expected to be back on the floor for deliberation once the committee prepares its report.

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AD355: Trusted and influential: Religious and traditional leaders can be assets in COVID-19 fight

In late March, the Ghanaian government locked down parts of the Greater Accra and Ashanti regions to slow the spread of COVID-19 and deployed security personnel to enforce the restrictions. In announcing the measures, President Nana Akufo-Addo said he was aware that many citizens operate in the informal sector, depend on their daily earnings to survive, and rely on essential services not readily available in their homes or compounds. He asked key stakeholders from the private, informal, and religious sectors to support implementation of the partial lockdown.

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AD354: Malawians support 2019 post-election demonstrations but split on government power to limit protests

The Constitution of the Republic of Malawi (1995) stipulates that “every person shall have the right to assemble and demonstrate with others peacefully and unarmed.” In the aftermath of the 2019 general election, the country has been engulfed in a series of protest marches. Led by the Human Rights Defenders Coalition (HRDC) of civil society organizations, the protesters continue to demand the resignation of Malawi Electoral Commission (MEC) members on charges that they mismanaged the election (Chauluka, 2019).

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AD353: La structure de l’activité économique du Sénégal: Un obstacle pour un confinement total face au COVID-19

Dans le contexte de la pandémie du coronavirus, beaucoup d’emplois sont menacés et les individus sans sources de revenus sont de plus en plus vulnérables. Avec les mesures de distanciation sociale partiellement ou entièrement en application dans beaucoup de pays, les petits commerces et affaires sont fragilisées voire anéantis.

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AD352: Even before COVID-19, more than half of Africans experienced lack of needed health care

More than half of all Africans go without needed medical care at least once in a given year, a new analysis of Afrobarometer survey data shows. Across the continent, citizens identify health as the second-most-important national problem they want their governments to address.

Even before the threat of overwhelming demand due to COVID-19, about one in five Africans faced a frequent lack of needed health-care services, including almost two-thirds of the poorest citizens.

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AD351: Ghanaians’ acceptance of security-related restrictions faces test with COVID-19 lockdown

 
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AD350: Batswana see civil liberties as largely intact, split on possible trade-offs for security

 
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AD349: African governments failing in provision of water and sanitation, majority of citizens say

More than half of Africans say their governments are failing them when it comes to one of their top priorities – the provision of clean water and sanitation services, a new Afrobarometer analysis shows. Half of survey respondents say they went without enough clean water for home use during the previous year – a particular concern considering the importance of proper hygiene for preventing the spread of coronavirus and other infectious diseases.

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AD348: Citizen engagement in Gambia: Enough to secure democratic gains?

 
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AD347: Ghanaians cite high cost, bias, and long delays as barriers to using formal justice system

 
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AD346: Sierra Leoneans say health care hard to access, beset by corruption – especially for the poor

A decade-long civil war (1991-2002) and a 2014 Ebola outbreak left Sierra Leone’s health- care system in a poor state, including inadequate infrastructure and staff (Ministry of Health and Sanitation, 2017). With 1,165 deaths per 100,000 live births recorded in 2017, Sierra Leone has one of the world’s highest rates of maternal and infant mortality (United Nations Population Fund, 2017).

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