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AD407: Africans regard China’s influence as significant and positive, but slipping

Home to some of the world’s fastest-growing economies (Mitchell, 2019), Africa has attracted the attention of leaders and economic strategists everywhere, including China. Over the past two decades, political and economic relations between China and Africa have grown rapidly, with trade volumes increasing from about $11 billion in 2000 to $185 billion in 2018 (Amoah, Hodzi, & Castillo, 2020; China Africa Research Initiative, 2018).

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AD406: In Malawi, perceptions of China’s influence, though positive, are on the decline

China’s relationship with Africa, formalized in the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), has received considerable attention and debate. Critics consider it lopsided and exploitative, giving China access to natural resources, jobs for its labourers, and markets for its traders while undermining efforts to promote democracy and human rights on the continent, exacerbating corruption, and creating unsustainable debt (Green, 2019; Brautigam, 2010; Shinn & Brown, 2012; Albert, 2020). But others see it as more multifaceted with benefits for both sides (Mugabe, 2015; Brown, 2012).

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AD405: Insatisfaits de leur gouvernement, les jeunes sénégalais évoquent la recherche d’emploi comme principale raison d’émigrer

En une semaine en octobre 2020, au moins 200 personnes ont péri aux larges des côtes sénégalaises et mauritaniennes (Carretero, 2020). Les naufrages de pirogues quittant le Sénégal se succèdent. Selon l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM), 414 personnes ont péri en voulant regagner l’Europe depuis janvier dernier, et rien qu’en septembre, 14 bateaux transportant 663 migrants ont quitté le Sénégal (Carretero, 2020).

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AD403: Citizens’ negative perceptions of police extend well beyond Nigeria’s #EndSARS

With echoes of the Black Lives Matter movement in the United States, massive demonstrations against police brutality have recently rocked Nigeria (Busari, 2020; Obaji, 2020). Protests that initially focused on the notorious Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) have broadened to demands for systemic police reform (Amnesty International, 2020; Adegoke, 2020).

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AD402: Africans increasingly dissatisfied with government efforts on their top priority: jobs

Even in the best of times, unemployment is a major challenge for most African countries. The continent’s relatively robust economic growth over the past two decades has failed to translate into sustained employment gains and poverty reduction (Baah-Boateng, 2016). Adding about 3 million jobs a year will not come close to absorbing the 10-12 million people entering the labor market annually as the workforce grows more rapidly in Africa than in any other region (International Labour Organization, 2016; Yeboah & Jayne, 2016; African Development Bank Group, 2020).

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AD401: A sensibilização contra COVID-19 em Angola pode contar com aliados de confiança: líderes religiosos, autoridades tradicionais e os militares

Enquanto Angola continua em "situação de calamidade pública" para limitar a propagação do coronavírus, a informação credível continua a ser um instrumento essencial na luta pela proteção do país. Apesar das medidas preventivas tomadas com a devida antecedência e a manutenção das restrições nas viagens, aglomerações de pessoas, manutenção da cerca sanitária à cidade de Luanda – epicentro da pandemia em Angola, o número de casos confirmados subiu para mais de 8.300, com mais de 250 mortes (Organização Mundial de Saúde, 2020; Ministério da Saúde, 2020; O País, 2020).

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AD401: In Angola’s COVID-19 fight, trusted religious and traditional leaders, military can be allies

As Angola continues under a “situation of public calamity” to limit the spread of the coronavirus, reliable information remains an essential tool in the fight to protect the country. Despite early lockdowns, the number of confirmed infections in the country has climbed to more than 8,300, with more than 250 deaths, and restrictions on travel, gatherings, and businesses remain in effect, including a sanitary “fence” limiting movement in and out of Luanda, the pandemic’s epicenter in Angola (World Health Organization, 2020; Ministério da Saúde, 2020; O País, 2020).

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AD400: Most Ghanaians support gender fairness in political leadership, but women trail men in participation, digital access, asset ownership

Over the past three decades, Ghana has taken a variety of steps to promote gender equity. Its 1992 Constitution guarantees equality and freedom from discrimination (Government of Ghana, 1992). In 1998, Ghana began working on – but has still not passed – an Affirmative Action Bill that seeks to promote a progressive increase in active participation of women in the public bureaucracy to a parity of 50% by 2030.

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AD399: Fear and trust: Explaining professed popular trust in Zimbabwe’s presidents

Popular trust in public institutions and officials is an important indicator of political legitimacy, a key resource for the development and functioning of modern democracies (Freitag & Bühlmann, 2009; Chingwete, 2016; Mishler & Rose, 2001; Newton, 2001). However, some analysts argue that while trust is important in a democracy, citizens would be naïve if they didn’t have a certain level of distrust as well (van de Walle & Six, 2004).

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AD398: Les Burkinabè préoccupés par la situation économique et la direction du pays

En plus d’être confrontés à d’immenses défis sécuritaires et humanitaires depuis quelques années, les Burkinabè font face à une situation économique difficile. Même avant l’arrivée de la pandémie de la COVID-19, la croissance du produit intérieur brut (PIB) réel annuel du pays s’est ralentie en 2019, et le secteur agricole, qui emploie 80% de la population active, a été caractérisé par une campagne déficitaire en ce qui concerne la production céréalière (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie, 2019).

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AD397: Despite perceptions of gender equality, Africa’s rural women bear brunt of economic exclusion

Gender equality is both Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) No. 5 and a theme underpinning various other goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (United Nations, 2019). The agenda highlights the need for gender-equal access to education, ownership of resources, and engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs).

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AD396: Apesar dos ganhos, os angolanos mostram-se insatisfeitos com os esforços do governo no combate a corrupção

Em apenas um ano, Angola melhorou da 167a para 146a posição no Índice de Percepção da Corrupção (CPI) da Transparency International (2020), em grande parte devido à força das reformas anticorrupção introduzidas após a posse do Presidente João Lourenço em Setembro de 2017 (Jornal de Angola, 2020; O Observador, 2020a).

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AD395: With lived poverty on the rise, Nigerians rate government performance as poor

Sixty years after claiming its sovereign rights from the British, Nigeria is classified as a middle- income mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology, and entertainment sectors. Touted as Africa’s largest economy, it ranks as the 27th-largest economy in the world in terms of nominal gross domestic product and the 24th-largest in terms of purchasing power parity (World Bank, 2020a).

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AD394: Amid lucrative exports of natural resources, Basotho overwhelmingly feel left out

The export of diamonds, water, mohair, and other wools is an important source of revenue for Lesotho, contributing 9.4% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2012 (Sawe, 2019). Despite these riches, Lesotho is classified as one of the least developed nations in the world (United Nations, 2018), and more than half of Basotho (51%) live below the national poverty line (Callander, 2017).

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AD393: Many Tunisians lack adequate access to health care and water, rate government poorly

Despite gains in building its democracy, Tunisia still struggles with poor economic conditions and high rates of unemployment and inequality (Diwan, 2019). The country, especially in the interior region, is also plagued by unreliable public services such as medical care and water supply – particular problems during the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Tunisia’s public health facilities face severe challenges, including substantial debt, too few beds to meet demand, inadequate equipment, and a shortfall of 14,000 qualified medical staff (News24, 2017).

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AD392: La démocratie guinéenne est-elle piégée?

La Guinée vient d’adopter une nouvelle Constitution suite au référendum controversé du 22 mars 2020, qui a été couplé avec des élections législatives ayant conduit à la mise en place d’une nouvelle Assemblée Nationale. Ce double scrutin a été boycotté par bon nombre de Guinéens. La nouvelle Constitution stipule que le Président de la République est élu pour un mandat de six ans, renouvelable une fois.

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AD390: Les institutions démocratiques ont-elles failli? Ivoiriens, Guinéens, et Sénégalais à l’épreuve des troisièmes mandats qu’ils rejettent

La Côte d’Ivoire, la Guinée, et le Sénégal ont en commun leur histoire d’anciennes colonies françaises. Ils partagent le Français comme langue officielle et ont des structures politiques et institutionnelles très similaires. Tous ces trois pays situés en Afrique de l’Ouest ont obtenu leurs indépendances dans une période de 18 mois en 1958-1960 (CNDP-CRDP, 2010).

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AD391: Les Gabonais demandent plus de liberté d’expression, mais pas pour critiquer le président

Le Gabon, pays démocratique depuis le début des années 1990, est comme bon nombre de pays africains dont la démocratie ne se limite parfois qu’à la simple tenue d’élections régulières. Pourtant nous savons que la force de la démocratie libérale réside dans le fait qu’elle donne au peuple ce à quoi il aspire le plus: la liberté (Diallo, 2011).

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AD389: Nigerian government doing a poor job on water/sanitation and health care, citizens say

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened problems that were already bedeviling Nigeria’s health system, including run-down or inadequate medical equipment, underpaid and unmotivated medical staff, and unequal access to health care (Andolu Agency, 2020; Pulse Nigeria, 2020). The World Health Organization has labeled Nigeria a human resources for health (HRH) crisis country (Global Health Workforce Alliance, 2020).

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AD388: Pour le meilleur comme le pire, plus de Guinéens font recours aux médias digitaux

Face aux mutations continues des technologies, les habitudes de consommation d’informations des Guinéens aussi évoluent. Même si la radio reste la source d’information la plus populaire, elle est en train d’être concurrencée par la télévision, et l’Internet et les réseaux sociaux sont de plus en plus présents au quotidien des Guinéens.

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AD387: Citizens offer bleak outlook on Malawi’s economy

Malawi is among the poorest countries in the world; about half of its population lives below the poverty line (United Nations Development Programme, 2019; National Statistical Office, 2017). Heavily dependent on agriculture, its economy is susceptible to climate and other shocks (World Bank, 2019). Although annual economic growth averaged 4% between 1971 and 2017, this growth fluctuated between a high of 14% in 1971 and a low of -11% in 1994 (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2019).

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AD386: Malians, though eager for change from failing state and economy, still demand democracy

After weeks of massive demonstrations demanding President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta’s resignation, thousands of jubilant Malians celebrated the military coup that removed him from office on 18 August (Al Jazeera, 2020). But some observers were left to wonder whether democracy in Mali is dead.

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AD385: COVID-19 lockdown a crisis for informal traders disadvantaged by government inaction

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many countries to take drastic actions to reduce its spread and impact. In Zimbabwe, a national lockdown in effect since late March has been eased to allow select industry and commerce to operate, but the informal sector remains locked down (Government of Zimbabwe, 2020).

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AD384: ‘Di gron still dry’ - Sierra Leoneans increasingly concerned about the economy

Poverty levels in Sierra Leone are high, with health shocks like the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak and the current COVID-19 pandemic exacerbating economic hardship in the country. At least 57% of the population live below the poverty line, while 11% are in extreme poverty (Government of Sierra Leone, 2019a).

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AD383: Les Gabonais revendiquent leur attachement à l’identité nationale mais sont méfiants vis-à-vis des autres

Depuis le retour au multipartisme en 1990, consécutif à la tenue de la Conférence Nationale Souveraine, le Gabon n’échappe pas au débat sur la question identitaire. En effet, avec plus de 50 ethnies, la question des identités est régulièrement soulevée dans le débat national et se pose comme un obstacle à la construction d’une nation post-ethnique (Etoughé, 2003). Le processus de l’élection présidentielle anticipée de 2009 avait d’ailleurs montré une sorte de fracture ethno-politique suscitant le débat sur le repli identitaire.

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AD382: International Youth Day - Unemployment and education are Ghanaian youth’s most important problems

Almost 60% of Africa’s population is under the age of 25, making the continent the world’s youngest (Mo Ibrahim Foundation, 2019). Africa’s youthful population is a tale of two perspectives – one seeing an enormous resource with almost unlimited potential (African Union Commission, 2006), the other a ticking time bomb if the continent fails to build the structures and economic resilience to support and engage this burgeoning population (African Development Bank, 2018).

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AD381: Disenchanted with democracy, Basotho want reforms limiting PM powers, expanding King’s

In 2015, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) recommended that Lesotho undertake wide-ranging reforms of the Constitution, Parliament, the judiciary, and the public and security sectors (Post, 2017). These recommendations followed a 2014 coup attempt, then-Prime Minister Thomas Thabane’s escape to South Africa, the assassination of army commander Lt. Gen. Maaparankoe Mahao, and an SADC intervention.  

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