WP34: Afrobarometer Round 2: Compendium of results from a 15-country survey

Bienvenue à la section des publications d’Afrobaromètre. Pour des brèves analyses d’actualité, veuillez voir nos notes informatives (pour les séries d’enquêtes 1-5) et dépêches (à partir de la Série 6). Pour des analyses plus longues et techniques, se focalisant sur des questions de politique, regardez nos documents de politique. Nos documents de travail sont des analyses approfondies destinées à la publication dans des revues académiques ou des livres. Vous pouvez aussi rechercher dans toute la base des publications à partir des mots-clés, la langue, le pays, et/ou l’auteur.

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Documents de travail
Bratton, Michael Carolyn Logan, Wonbin Cho, and Paloma Bauer

The following is an overview of the key findings from Round 2.

Economically, the present mood is somber, but people are optimistic about the future; Africans do not distinguish clearly between personal and national economic circumstances; They define poverty less in terms of shortages of income than in terms of getting enough to eat; Feeling trapped between state and market, Africans say they prefer a mixed economy; Even so, their policy preferences tilt toward state intervention and away from free markets; and after two decades of economic reform, people are more dissatisfied than satisfied.

Culturally, Africans value equality but also express an emergent individualism; Stirrings of citizenship are evident, but Africans still see themselves as the clients of “big men”; People worry about being victims of crime and having nowhere to turn for help; Africans abhor violence and attribute social conflict to causes other than ethnic differences; More than half of all adults interviewed complain of health impairment, including AIDS; and On the people’s development agenda, unemployment is the top problem requiring attention. Politically, Africans continue to prefer democracy and reject authoritarian rule; They are still learning about the functions of democratic institutions, especially political parties; People trust the executive branch of government more than its representative institutions; and, While only moderately satisfied with the way democracy actually works, they presently intend to stick with it.