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AD73: Majority of South Africans want a workers’ party as alternative to ANC

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Twenty-one years after the African National Congress came to power in South Africa’s transition to democratic institutions and rules, a majority of South Africans would support the creation of a workers’ party to contest elections and fight for workers’ rights, according to findings of the latest Afrobarometer survey.

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AD69: Malgré un certain progrès, les infrastructures de base demeurent un défi en Afrique

Les infrastructures constituent le soubassement du développement. Contingent indispensable d'un environnement favorable à l'investissement et au gagne-pain, une infrastructure adéquate favorise la croissance économique, réduit la pauvreté, et améliore la prestation des soins de santé et d'autres services (Banque Mondiale, 2014; Wantchekon, 2014).

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AD68: La crise politique contredit le grand attachement des Burundais à la démocratie

Le Burundi se retrouve pris dans une crise politique violente qui a débuté quand le Président Pierre Nkurunziza a décidé de requérir, et a ensuite réclamé, un troisième mandat controversé. Des centaines de personnes ont été tuées et plus de 200.000 se sont enfuies (Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les Réfugiés, 2015) depuis la décision de Nkurunziza, en avril 2015, d’ignorer les dispositions de limitation de mandats de l'accord de paix d'Arusha et de la Constitution burundaise, aussi bien que les critiques de la société civile et de la communauté internationale.

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AD67: Par où commencer? Concilier les objectifs de développement durable et les priorités populaires

Le 1er janvier 2016, le nouveau plan de développement des Nations Unies entrera en vigueur. Intitulé « Transformer Notre Monde: Le Programme de Développement Durable à l’Horizon 2030 », il poursuit et complète les objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMDs) à l’horizon 2015 avec des objectifs de développement durable (ODDs) visant à corriger les défis sociaux, économiques, et environnementaux auxquels se trouve confronté l’humanité.

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AD66: South Africans have lost confidence in Zuma, believe he ignores Parliament and the law

The African National Congress (ANC) has won every national election since South Africa’s transition to universal suffrage in 1994. But while the ANC’s victory in 2014 – its fifth in a row – confirmed the party’s electoral dominance, its share of the vote declined from 66% in 2009 to 62%. New public opinion data from Afrobarometer indicate that the party’s leader, President Jacob Zuma, has lost significant citizen support since 2011.

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AD65: South Africans increasingly dissatisfied with their elected leaders’ performance

2015 has been a tumultuous year for South Africa’s democracy. A number of key government officials have been embroiled in corruption scandals, most notably the alleged mismanagement of state funds in the construction of President Jacob Zuma’s private residence in Nkandla, KwaZulu-Natal. An investigation led by the Public Protector found that state funds were employed for non-security installations and determined that the president should repay “a reasonable percentage” of these costs (Public Protector of South Africa, 2014).

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AD64: South Africans disapprove of government’s performance on unemployment, housing, crime

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

For two decades, South Africa has been grappling with the agonizing triple challenges of poverty, unemployment, and inequality. President Jacob Zuma’s State of the Nation address in February 2015 called upon the nation to be united in advancing economic freedom. Most South Africans would acknowledge that despite gains in political freedom, much remains to be done to overcome poverty and bring economic justice to the Rainbow Nation.

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AD63: Les Malgaches deviennent plus critiques vis-à-vis du fonctionnement de leur démocratie

La démocratie est fortement préférée à Madagascar, et une grande majorité des Malgaches rejettent des régimes non-démocratiques comme mode de gouvernement idéal pour le pays. Ceci, même si la plupart d’entre eux restent insatisfaits de la manière dont fonctionne cette démocratie au niveau du pays.

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AD61: Les Burkinabè s'acheminent avec confiance vers les élections présidentielles et législatives

Le 29 novembre 2015, le Burkina Faso tiendra ses premières élections présidentielles et législatives depuis que les protestations populaires d’octobre 2014 ont évincé du pouvoir l’inamovible Président Blaise Compaoré. Initialement prévues pour la mi-octobre 2015, les élections ont été retardées par un coup d'état en septembre, qui a été mis en échec par des manifestations de rue et des pressions diplomatiques de la Communauté Economique des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO), l'Union Africaine, et l'Organisation des Nations Unies.

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AD56: Police corruption in Africa undermines trust, but support for law enforcement remains strong

According to the 2013 Global Corruption Report by Transparency International (TI), the police are perceived as the most corrupt institution in Africa. Of 36 countries worldwide where police are seen as the most corrupt institution, 20 are in Africa. According to the report, the police are the most often bribed institution, followed by the judiciary; 31% of people who came into contact with the police report having paid a bribe. Bribery rates of the police were 75% or higher in seven countries, including six African countries.

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AD59: Les Burkinabè soutiennent la démocratie mais demeurent insatisfaits de son fonctionnement actuel

La plupart des Burkinabè désirent la démocratie et rejettent toute forme de gouvernance non-démocratique. Toutefois, la proportion de la population satisfaite du fonctionnement de la démocratie au Burkina Faso a baissé par rapport à 2008, selon la dernière enquête d’Afrobaromètre.

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AD57: Call the police? Across Africa, citizens point to police and government performance issues on crime

Crime and insecurity are major challenges in African countries, threats to both national development and individual quality of life. According to the Legatum Prosperity Index, which assesses countries’ safety and security as part of national wealth and well-being, only 11 African countries rank in the top 100 countries worldwide in safety and security; the top-ranked African country (Benin) is at No. 50 (Legatum Institute, 2014). The U.S government rates crime in most African countries as either critical or high (U.S. Overseas Security Advisory Council, 2015).

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AD53: Les Ivoiriens considèrent que la compétition politique va de pair avec la violence

Les différents évènements qui se sont déroulés en Côte d’Ivoire ont fait régner un climat d’insécurité dans la vie des Ivoiriens. Les forces de l’ordre, plus précisément la police et la gendarmerie, n’arrivent plus à mettre en confiance la population.

Les hommes politiques se servent de la population, surtout de la jeunesse, afin d’atteindre leurs buts. Cela conduit souvent à des violences et dans le pire des cas à une guerre civile, à laquelle les Ivoiriens ont déjà été victimes.

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AD19: Amid perceived escalating corruption, Batswana demand officials account and declare assets

Transparency and accountability are hallmarks of democracy and good governance. They are the centrepiece of the Open Government Partnership, an initiative that was launched in 2011 by eight countries and has since grown to 65 countries. The Open Government Partnership is an international platform for domestic reformers committed to ensuring that their governments are open, accountable, and responsive to the needs of their citizens.

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AD1: Malawi’s 2014 Elections: Amid concerns about fairness, outcome is too close to call

Malawians will go to the polls on 20 May 2014 to select their next leaders. In an Afrobarometer poll conducted 6 to 8 weeks before the election, Malawians express strong
confidence in their ability to vote as they choose, but also concerns about the freeness and fairness of the overall process, especially the vote count. Given uncertainty about registration and turnout levels among Malawian youth, as well as the significant number of respondents who did not reveal a vote choice, the election remains too close to call.

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AD4: Political accountability in East African countries: Who should make MPs and councillors do their jobs?

One of the critical challenges facing African countries today is how to make governments work for the people – using resources at their disposal efficiently, delivering public goods and services, and guaranteeing an equitable distribution of opportunities and national income among citizens. In many places, systems of checks and balances have not lived up to expectations in making state institutions deliver such public goods. As a result, citizen participation in government oversight is now recognized as almost indispensable.

 

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AD13: Malawians admire South Africa as development model, see strong influence of U.S. and China

South Africa ranks highest among models for Malawi’s future development, according to Malawians’ perceptions of international relations expressed in a recent Afrobarometer survey. The United States is the second-most-popular model and is regarded as the most influential country in Malawi.

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AD3: Developing Africa’s infrastructure: The rough road to better services

Inadequate access to basic infrastructure and development services remains a key impediment to improving health, welfare, and security for many Africans. While large majorities have ready access to schools and cell-phone services, many Africans still do not enjoy adequate access to health clinics and police posts, as well as to electricity and water supply services, especially in rural areas.

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AD12: Basotho less supportive of women’s political leadership, opposed to traditional chieftain role

Basotho women still find it hard to attain leadership positions due to discriminatory cultural practices and laws, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey shows. Survey results also suggest that women are less active than men in community and political organising.

Support for women’s political leadership declined from 2012 to 2014, and even though two-thirds of women say that women should have the same chance as men of being elected to political office, a majority of women and men still support the law that allows only sons to succeed to chieftaincy in Lesotho.

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AD14: In Malawi, women lag in political participation; support for women’s leadership declines

Despite having been led by southern Africa’s first female president, Malawi has made little progress toward equal political participation by women, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey suggests. Women in Malawi remain less likely than men to engage in political activities, and public support for women’s leadership has declined.

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AD18: Nigeria’s pre-election pulse: Mixed views on democracy and accountability

Nigeria’s 2015 general elections, delayed by six weeks because of scaled-up military operations against terrorism, are likely to be the most competitive in the country’s history (see Afrobarometer Dispatch No. 11) . The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has used the extra time to distribute more voter cards and complete other preparations. In the tense build-up to the elections, this new analysis of Afrobarometer survey data collected in December 2014 takes the democratic pulse of Nigerians as they get ready to head to the polls.

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AD7: Namibians see increased corruption; business executives now top list of ‘most corrupt’

Corruption has yet to gain prominence as a public policy issue in Namibia. Most respondents to the 2014 Afrobarometer survey in Namibia do not rank corruption among the top priorities that the government needs to address.

Other surveys rank Namibia relatively high in the fight against corruption. Namibia improved in Transparency International’s 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index, from 57th in 2013 to 55th out of 175 countries. Tied with Lesotho, Namibia ranks ahead of South Africa (67th) and trails Botswana (31st) and Mauritius (47th).

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AD8: Botswana affirm their personal freedoms but disapprove of same-sex relationships

Botswana is an electoral democracy and has been led by the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) since independence in 1966. The country is recognised for upholding democratic
principles and has continuously received high ratings by the Ibrahim Index of African Governance and Freedom House. Botswana’s constitution embraces the protection of
fundamental rights and freedoms of expression, assembly, and association. However, some sexual acts, including certain same-sex acts, are illegal.

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