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AD275: Nigerians support elections and multiparty competition but mistrust electoral commission

Nigeria’s upcoming elections may be as momentous as they are mammoth: More than 20,000 candidates from 91 registered political parties will square off in presidential, gubernatorial, and parliamentary contests that observers hope will strengthen the country’s democracy and ensure economic development and peace (Gana, 2019; International Crisis Group, 2018). All eyes will be on the presidential race pitting incumbent Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress (APC) against former Vice President Atiku Abubakar of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). 

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AD184: Unemployment mars favourable assessment of Batswana government performance

In his final State of the Nation Address, delivered in November 2017, President Ian Khama offered a positive economic outlook for Botswana, citing a recovery to 4.3% growth in 2016 and projected growth of 4.7% and 5.3% in 2017-2018 (Khama, 2017). But while reporting some gains in employment and training programs, he was less bullish about job creation than he had been a year earlier, when he promised “job creation … increasingly linked to private sector growth, with government playing an enabling role” (Khama, 2016).

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AD274: La plupart des Togolais manquent de confiance en la commission électorale et préfèrent une alternative indépendante et technique

Le Togo depuis août 2017 est secoué par une nouvelle vague de protestation d’une coalition de partis d’opposition, la C14, pour les réformes constitutionnelles, institutionnelles, et électorales qui auraient dû permettre d’aboutir à non seulement des élections législatives et locales mais également au référendum constitutionnel plus consensuels (Togo Times, 2018).

French

AD273: Franchissement des frontières internationales: Quels défis pour les populations ouest-africaines?

L'intégration régionale a été pour l'Afrique une stratégie de développement des décennies durant. Le traité de fondation de la Communauté Economique Africaine en 1991 a fourni un cadre visant une intégration politique et économique totale avant 2019. Beaucoup de pays africains se sont engagés pour stimuler la coopération politique et économique. 

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AD272: Zambians see progress on education despite persistent inequalities

While Zambia has achieved steady growth in primary-school enrollment and completion, critics say poorly trained teachers, inadequate learning materials, and poor school governance undermine the quality of education (Global Partnership for Education, 2018). To address these challenges, the Zambian government has committed to educational reforms designed to make teaching and learning more responsive to the needs and demands of the population.

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AD271: Public service delivery in Tanzania: Fewer problems and bribes, improved satisfaction

Access to basic public services is regarded as a major determinant of human development and productivity, a prerequisite for ensuring the welfare of a country’s citizens (Armah-Attoh, 2015). But access to basic public services remains a major problem in many developing economies (Ofori-Mensal, 2017).

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AD270: Basotho see progress in fight against corruption but fear retaliation if they report incidents

Corruption poses a serious threat to economic development and democratic governance in Africa. In recent years, Lesotho has been shaken by a number of corruption scandals involving high-ranking politicians. Allegations of corruption in the government fleet-service contract with Bidvest featured significantly in the split of the leading Democratic Congress (DC) party and the no-confidence vote that ended the Pakalitha Mosisili government in 2017 (Post, 2017; Matlosa, 2017).

French

AD269: Au Bénin, la radio et la télé toujours en tête malgré une avancée des nouveaux médias

Les sources d’information, au fil des années, ont évolué technologiquement et se sont diversifiées. Au Bénin, à la presse écrite d’abord coloniale puis indépendante s’est ajouté en 1957 la première station nationale de radiodiffusion, appelée aujourd’hui Radio Bénin, qui à ce jour compte plusieurs démembrements et fait face depuis un quart de siècle à la concurrence des privés. La télévision a vu le jour en 1978, Internet au milieu des années 1990, et les réseaux sociaux vers le milieu des années 2000.

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AD268: Climate change making life worse in Liberia, but only half of citizens have heard of it

Scientists and policy makers have clearly recognized the threat that climate change poses to Liberia, particularly to its seven in 10 citizens who depend on agriculture for their livelihood (Stanturf, Goodrick, Warren, Stegall, & Williams, 2013; USAID, 2012). Severe flooding experienced in recent years, changes in rainfall patterns, increased temperatures, and other climate changes have serious implications for food security but also for health, education, and other development sectors (Kenneh & Greaves, 2016; Daily Observer, 2018).

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AD264: Amidst drought, only half of Batswana are aware of climate change

Botswana is a semi-arid Southern African country characterized by erratic rainfall, recurrent droughts, low soil moisture, and extreme weather events such as flash floods (African Climate and Development Initiative, 2015) – a foundation of vulnerability for communities in the country. Frequent drought conditions have had significant impacts on domestic food production and other aspects of the national economy in the past (Seekings, 2016).

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AD263: In fight against corruption, Gambians say citizens can make a difference, report without fear, and get official action

The Gambia ranks 130th out of 180 countries and territories in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (2017), an improvement from 145th in 2016. High-profile corruption convictions in the past have included those of a former permanent secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, inspector general of the police, justice minister, and president of the Gambia Court of Appeal (U.S. Department of State, 2014).

French

AD262: Freedoms seen as expanding, but fewer Malians back free media, feel free to speak their minds

For democracy to be “lived” by ordinary citizens, their ability to engage with others and the state must be protected. While civil freedoms and rights are thus considered core elements of democracies, their mere existence on paper does not mean that citizens will use or benefit from them.

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AD261: In eSwatini, citizens see reasons for hope despite increase in lived poverty

Poverty and inequality, exacerbated by poor economic growth, continue to be challenges for the government of the Kingdom of eSwatini. The World Bank (2018) reports that economic growth in eSwatini declined to 1.9% in 2017, from 3.2% in 2016, reflecting a slow recovery in agriculture and mounting fiscal challenges. Six in 10 citizens (60.3%) live in poverty, including 38% in extreme poverty, which disproportionately affects children, the elderly, the unemployed, as well as female-headed and single-headed households (World Bank, 2018).

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AD260: Les changements climatiques affectent négativement la vie des Camerounais

Le secteur agricole est l’un des principaux moteurs de l’économie camerounaise. En 2012, ce secteur a contribué à hauteur de 21,1% au produit intérieur brut (PIB). Employant 60% de la population active, il assure un rôle essentiel dans la création des revenus dans les campagnes de même qu’il garantit la sécurité alimentaire des populations (Institut National de la Statistique, 2016). 

French

AD258: La recherche du mieux-être pousse certains Camerounais – mais pas la majorité – vers l’émigration

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A la suite de la suppression progressive des barrières entre les différents pays contribuant à une intégration plus poussée dans certaines zones, le monde est aujourd’hui considéré comme un « village planétaire ». Une des conséquences visibles de cette intégration est sans doute le phénomène des migrations internationales. 

French

AD259: Cabo Verdeans reject visa waiver for EU passport holders but approve of regionalization

For decades, Cabo Verde has faced the challenges of modest economic growth, imbalanced development among its islands, and high unemployment, particularly among youth. To increase economic growth from a projected 4.1% for 2018 to about 7% in 2021, the government has put in motion two major proposals (Nshimyumuremyi, 2018; Monteiro, 2017). 

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AD266: Gambians see sharp decline in emigration, though interest in leaving remains high

Migration is a high-profile issue in the Gambia, especially irregular low-skilled emigration beyond the borders of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (Zanker & Altrogge, 2017). Yahya Jammeh’s 22-year autocratic regime, characterized by poverty and poor governance, triggered a wave of irregular emigration – especially by young Gambians – to Europe, a phenomenon known locally as “the back way” (Embiricos, 2016).  

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AD173: In name of security, many Ugandans willing to let government monitor private and religious speech

Uganda’s constitution promises citizens a great range of freedoms and rights (of expression, association, privacy, religion, etc.) and charges the government with ensuring public security. When these two priorities – freedom and security – are perceived to clash, debates can become heated between friends, in the news media, in Parliament, and in the courts.

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AD265: Les Burkinabè dans un sentiment de sécurité mais inquiets de la montée de l’extrémisme violent

A l’insécurité ordinaire à laquelle tout pays est confronté est venue s'ajouter, au Burkina Faso ces dernières années, la montée de la violence extrémiste. Celle-ci se manifeste par la multiplication des attaques des groupes extrémistes, qui ont notamment frappé la capitale et surtout le Nord et l'Est du pays. Longtemps considéré comme un phénomène exogène en provenance des pays voisins (Mali, Niger), l’extrémisme violent apparaît désormais comme un produit endogène (International Crisis Group, 2017).

French

AD264: Amidst drought, only half of Batswana are aware of climate change

Botswana is a semi-arid Southern African country characterized by erratic rainfall, recurrent droughts, low soil moisture, and extreme weather events such as flash floods (African Climate and Development Initiative, 2015) – a foundation of vulnerability for communities in the country. Frequent drought conditions have had significant impacts on domestic food production and other aspects of the national economy in the past (Seekings, 2016).

French

AD263: In fight against corruption, Gambians say citizens can make a difference, report without fear, and get official action

The Gambia ranks 130th out of 180 countries and territories in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (2017), an improvement from 145th in 2016. High-profile corruption convictions in the past have included those of a former permanent secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, inspector general of the police, justice minister, and president of the Gambia Court of Appeal (U.S. Department of State, 2014).

French

AD262: Les libertés semblent progresser, mais moins de Maliens soutiennent la liberté de la presse et se sentent libres d’exprimer leur opinion

Pour que la démocratie soit « vécue » par les citoyens ordinaires, il faudrait que leur capacité à collaborer avec autrui et l'état soit protégée. Alors donc que les libertés et droits civiques sont considérés comme essentiels à la démocratie, leur simple existence sur papier ne signifie pas que les citoyens en font usage ou en bénéficient.

French

AD261: In eSwatini, citizens see reasons for hope despite increase in lived poverty

Poverty and inequality, exacerbated by poor economic growth, continue to be challenges for the government of the Kingdom of eSwatini. The World Bank (2018) reports that economic growth in eSwatini declined to 1.9% in 2017, from 3.2% in 2016, reflecting a slow recovery in agriculture and mounting fiscal challenges. Six in 10 citizens (60.3%) live in poverty, including 38% in extreme poverty, which disproportionately affects children, the elderly, the unemployed, as well as female-headed and single-headed households (World Bank, 2018).

French

AD260: Les changements climatiques affectent négativement la vie des Camerounais

Le secteur agricole est l’un des principaux moteurs de l’économie camerounaise. En 2012, ce secteur a contribué à hauteur de 21,1% au produit intérieur brut (PIB). Employant 60% de la population active, il assure un rôle essentiel dans la création des revenus dans les campagnes de même qu’il garantit la sécurité alimentaire des populations (Institut National de la Statistique, 2016). 

French

AD258: La recherche du mieux-être pousse certains Camerounais – mais pas la majorité – vers l’émigration

A la suite de la suppression progressive des barrières entre les différents pays contribuant à une intégration plus poussée dans certaines zones, le monde est aujourd’hui considéré comme un « village planétaire ». Une des conséquences visibles de cette intégration est sans doute le phénomène des migrations internationales. 

French

AD259: Cabo Verdeans reject visa waiver for EU passport holders but approve of regionalization

For decades, Cabo Verde has faced the challenges of modest economic growth, imbalanced development among its islands, and high unemployment, particularly among youth. To increase economic growth from a projected 4.1% for 2018 to about 7% in 2021, the government has put in motion two major proposals (Nshimyumuremyi, 2018; Monteiro, 2017). 

French

AD162: Perceived patronage: Do secret societies, ethnicity, region boost careers in Cameroon?

An effective and transparent administration forms the backbone of a well-run democratic state and market economy in the developing world (Grindle & Hilderbrand, 1995.) Recruitment of public-sector staff based on merit plays an important role in ensuring not only that the machine functions smoothly but also that ordinary citizens have confidence in how their country is governed. Patronage or favouritism can undermine both functioning and public confidence (Anderson & Tverdova, 2003; Seligson, 2002; Chanley, Rudolph, & Rahn, 2000; Rothstein & Teorell, 2008).

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AD257: Liberians endorse democracy but are dissatisfied with the way it’s working in their country

Liberia’s recent presidential and legislative elections were widely considered a success and ushered in the country’s first peaceful democratic transition of power in 73 years. The National Democratic Institute’s election observation mission in Liberia called them “an historic achievement for the country and its citizens,” noting active voter-education campaigns, a strengthening of political parties, and improved transparency allowing citizens to observe various aspects of the electoral process (National Democratic Institute, 2018).

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